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WATER LAWS – Fines, Restrictions POLICED . . .Chapter 74 – UTILITIES | Code of Ordinances | Palm Beach Gardens, FL | Municode Library

WATER LAWS – Fines, Restrictions POLICED . . .Chapter 74 – UTILITIES | Code of Ordinances | Palm Beach Gardens, FL | Municode Library
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  • Chapter 74 – UTILITIES[1]
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  • ARTICLE I. – IN GENERAL
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  • Secs. 74-1—74-35. – Reserved.
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  • ARTICLE II. – WATER CONSERVATION
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  • Sec. 74-36. – Definitions.
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    The following words, terms and phrases, when used in this article, shall have the meanings ascribed to them in this section, except where the context clearly indicates a different meaning:

    Code enforcement office/code inspector means any authorized agent or employee of the city whose duty is to ensure compliance with the provisions of this article, including, but not limited to, designated employees of the police, building, code enforcement, and public works departments.

    Impervious means land surfaces which do not allow the penetration of water including paved roads, sidewalks, driveways, parking lots and highly compacted areas including shell and clay.

    Low-volume irrigation system (microirrigation) means that type of equipment or irrigation device designed to provide small quantities of water on or below the soil surface as drops or tiny streams of spray through emitters or applicators placed along a water delivery line. Microirrigation includes methods or concepts such as bubbler, drip, trickler, mist, or microspray, and subsurface irrigation.

    (Code 1987, § 51.05)

    Cross reference— Definitions generally, § 1-2.

  • Sec. 74-37. – Applicability.
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    All provisions of this article shall be effective within the incorporated areas of the city, and shall set restrictions, constraints and prohibitions to enhance the city’s water resources and provide a permanent water conservation measure. Unless otherwise provided, nothing in this article shall be construed to relieve any person from compliance with any applicable regulations enacted by any agency of the state having jurisdiction over water resources in the city.

    (Code 1987, § 51.02)

  • Sec. 74-38. – Purpose.
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    The purpose of this article is to establish a regulatory framework and guidance document which will help ensure that water and landscape irrigation conservation will be consistent throughout the city.

    (Code 1987, § 51.04)

  • Sec. 74-39. – Hours restricted.
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    Irrigation of any residential, commercial, institutional, governmental or industrial landscape areas shall be restricted to the hours of 5:00 p.m. to 9:00 a.m.

    (Code 1987, § 51.20)

  • Sec. 74-40. – Waste prohibited.
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    It shall be unlawful to operate or cause the operation of any irrigation system or device in a manner causing water to be wasted, including but not limited to unnecessary watering of impervious areas.

    (Code 1987, § 51.21)

  • Sec. 74-41. – Water sensing devices.
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    Upon the effective date of the ordinance from which this article was derived new installations of automatic irrigation systems providing coverage of greater than one acre of irrigated area shall be equipped with a water sensing device which will automatically discontinue irrigation during periods of rainfall.

    (Code 1987, § 51.22)

  • Sec. 74-42. – Exemptions.
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    The following activities shall be exempt from the provisions of this article:

    (1)

    Landscape irrigation by hand watering.                                   

    (2)

    Landscape irrigation by systems from which the sole source is treated wastewater effluent.                                  

    (3)

    The operation of irrigation systems for system repair and maintenance.                                   

    (4)

    Flushing of water mains required for normal water main clearance and maintenance and for maintenance of water quality; however, where practical, contractors and utilities shall direct flushed water into pervious areas, flush at the minimum rate necessary for cleaning and disperse the water in such a manner to benefit local vegetation.

    (5)

    Landscape irrigation for purposes of watering in fungicides, insecticides and herbicides as required by the manufacturer or by federal or state laws.

    (Code 1987, § 51.23)

  • Sec. 74-43. – Enforcement; penalty.
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    (a)

    Failure to comply with the requirements of this article shall constitute a violation of a city ordinance, and may be punished as provided by section 2-186 et seq. Each day in violation of this article shall constitute a separate offense. Violations of the provisions of this article may also be punished, pursuant to F.S. ch. 162 by a fine not to exceed $250.00 per day for a first violation, and $500.00 per day for a repeat violation.

    (b)

    In addition to the sanctions contained herein, the city may take appropriate action, including but not limited to administrative action and requests for temporary and permanent injunctions, to enforce the provisions of this article.

    (c)

    Violations of this article, punishable by civil fine pursuant to F.S. ch. 162 shall be referred to the code enforcement board.

    (d)

    All monies collected pursuant to this article shall be deposited in the general fund of the city.                            

    (Code 1987, § 51.99)

  • Secs. 74-44—74-60. – Reserved.
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  • ARTICLE III. – STORMWATER SYSTEM[2]
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  • Sec. 74-61. – Definitions.
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    The following words, terms and phrases, when used in this article, shall have the meanings ascribed to them in this section, except where the context clearly indicates a different meaning:

    Authorized official means any employee of the city authorized in writing by the director to administer or enforce the provisions of this article.

    Director means the director of public works.

    Discharge means any direct or indirect entry of any solid, liquid or gaseous matter.

    Site of industrial activity means any area or facility used for manufacturing, processing or raw materials storage, as defined under 40 CFR 122.26(a)(14) of regulations of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, as amended.

    Stormwater means any stormwater runoff, and surface runoff and drainage.

    Stormwater system means the system of conveyances used for collecting, storing, and transporting stormwater owned by the city but not including any facilities intended to be used in accordance with applicable law for collecting and transporting sanitary or other wastewater.

    (Code 1987, § 102.01)

    Cross reference— Definitions generally, § 1-2.

  • Sec. 74-62. – Enforcement.
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    (a)

    Injunctive relief. Any violation of any provision of this article, or of any regulation or order issued hereunder, shall be subject to injunctive relief if necessary to protect the public health, safety or general welfare.

    (b)

    Continuing violation. A person shall be deemed guilty of a separate violation for each and every day during any continuing violation of any provision of this article or of any regulation or permit issued hereunder.

    (c)

    Enforcement actions. The director may take all actions necessary, including the issuance of notices of violation and the filing of court actions and/or referral of this matter to the code enforcement board to require and enforce compliance with the provisions of this article and with any regulation or permit issued hereunder.

    (Code 1987, § 102.05)

  • Sec. 74-63. – Inspections and monitoring.
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    Whenever necessary to make an inspection to enforce any of the provisions of this article, or regulation or permit issued hereunder, or whenever an authorized official has reasonable cause to believe there exists any condition constituting a violation of any of the provisions of this article, or regulation or permit issued hereunder, any authorized official may enter any property, building or facility at any reasonable time to inspect the same or to perform any duty related to (including but not limited to a site of industrial activity) to undertake such reasonable monitoring of any discharges to the stormwater system and to furnish periodic reports.

    (Code 1987, § 102.06)

  • Sec. 74-64. – Industrial activity.
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    (a)

    General provisions. Any discharge into the stormwater system in violation of any federal, state, county, municipal or other law, rule, regulation or permit is prohibited.

    (b)

    Specific prohibitions. By adoption of industrial activity stormwater regulations or by issuance of industrial activity stormwater permits, or both, the director may impose reasonable limitations as to the quality of stormwater (including without limitation the designation of maximum levels of pollutants) discharged into the stormwater system from sites of industrial activity. Any promulgation of such regulations and issuance of permits by the director shall be in accordance with applicable law.

    (c)

    Administrative order. The director may issue an order to any person to immediately cease any discharge determined by the director to be in violation of any provision of this article, or in violation of any regulation or permit issued hereunder.

    (d)

    NPDES permits. Any person who holds a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit shall provide a copy of such permit to the director no later than the latter of: 60 calendar days after the effective date of the ordinance from which this article was derived or 60 calendar days after issuance.

    (Code 1987, § 102.02)

  • Sec. 74-65. – Illicit discharges.
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    (a)

    General prohibitions. Except as set forth in subsection (c) of this section or as in accordance with a valid NPDES permit, any discharge to the stormwater system that is not composed entirely of stormwater is prohibited.

    (b)

    Specific prohibitions. Any discharge to the stormwater system containing any sewage, industrial waste or other waste materials, or containing any materials in violation of federal, state, county, municipal, or other laws, rules, regulations, orders or permits, is prohibited.

    (c)

    Authorized exceptions. Unless the director determines that it is not properly managed or otherwise is not acceptable, the following discharges are exempt from the general prohibition set forth in subsection (a) of this section: flows from firefighting, water line flushing and other contributions from potable water sources, landscape irrigation and lawn watering, irrigation water, diverted stream flows, rising groundwaters, direct infiltration to the stormwater system, uncontaminated pumped groundwater, foundation and footing drains, water from crawl space pumps, air conditioning condensation, springs, individual residential car washings, flows from riparian habitats and wetlands, and dechlorinated swimming pool contributions.

    (d)

    Illicit connections. No person may maintain, use or establish any direct or indirect connection to the stormwater system that results in any discharge in violation of this article. This prohibition is retroactive and applies to connections made in the past, regardless of whether made under a permit, or other authorization, or whether permissible under laws or practices applicable or prevailing at the time the connection was made.

    (e)

    Administrative order. The director may issue an order to any person to immediately cease any discharge, or any connection to the stormwater system, determined by the director to be in violation of any provision of this article, or in violation of any regulation or permit issued hereunder.

    (Code 1987, § 102.03)

  • Sec. 74-66. – Spills and dumping.
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    (a)

    General prohibitions. Except as set forth in section 74-65, or as in accordance with a valid NPDES permit, any discharge to the stormwater system that is not composed entirely of stormwater is prohibited.

    (b)

    Specific prohibitions. Any discharge to the stormwater system containing any sewage, industrial waste or other waste materials, or containing any materials in violation of federal, state, county, municipal, or other laws, rules, regulations, orders or permits, is prohibited.

    (c)

    Notification of spills. As soon as any person has knowledge of any discharge to the stormwater system in violation of this article, such person shall immediately notify the director by telephone or other direct means and if such person is directly or indirectly responsible for such discharge, then such person shall also take immediate action to ensure the containment and cleanup of such discharge and shall confirm such telephone notification in writing to the director within three calendar days.

    (d)

    Administrative order. The director may issue an order to any person to immediately cease any discharge, or connection to the stormwater system, determined by the director to be in violation of any provision of this article, or in violation of any regulation or permit issued hereunder.

    (Code 1987, § 102.04)

  • Secs. 74-67—74-70. – Reserved.
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  • ARTICLE IV. – WATER SHORTAGE REGULATIONS
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  • Sec. 74-71. – Intent and purpose.
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    The intent and purpose of this article is to protect the water resources of the City of Palm Beach Gardens from the harmful effects of over utilization during periods of water shortage and allocate available water supplies by assisting the South Florida Water Management District in the implementation of its water shortage plan.

    (Ord. No. 02-2001, § 2, 3-15-01)

  • Sec. 74-72. – Definitions.
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    The following terms, phrases, words and their derivatives, when used in this article, shall have the meanings ascribed to them in this section. When not inconsistent with the context, words used in the present tense include the future, words in the plural include the singular, and words in the singular include the plural. The word “shall” is always mandatory and not merely directory.

    “District” means the South Florida Water Management District.

    “Person” means any person, firm, partnership, association, corporation, company, or organization of any kind.

    “Water resource” means any and all water on or beneath the surface of the ground, including natural or artificial watercourses, lakes, ponds, or diffused surface water, and water percolating, standing, or flowing beneath the surface of the ground.

    “Water shortage condition” means when sufficient water is not available to meet present or anticipated needs of persons using the water resource, or when conditions are such as to require temporary reduction in total water usage within a particular area to protect the water resource from serious harm.

    “Water shortage emergency” means that situation when the powers which can be exercised under Part II of Chapter 40E-21, Florida Administrative Code, are not sufficient to protect the public health, safety or welfare, or the health of animals, fish or aquatic life, or a public water supply, or commercial, industrial, agricultural, recreational or other reasonable uses.

    (Ord. No. 02-2001, § 2, 3-15-01)

  • Sec. 74-73. – Application of article.
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    (a)

    The provisions of this article shall apply to all persons using the water resource within the geographical areas subject to the “water shortage” or “water shortage emergency,” as determined by the district, whether from public or privately owned water utility systems, private wells, or private connections with surface water bodies.

    (b)

    The article shall not apply to persons using treated effluent or saltwater.                             

    (Ord. No. 02-2001, § 2, 3-15-01)

  • Sec. 74-74. – Amendments to water shortage plan.
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    Chapter 40E-21, Florida Administrative Code, as it may be amended from time to time, is incorporated herein by reference as a part of the Codes of the City of Palm Beach Gardens.

    (Ord. No. 02-2001, § 2, 3-15-01)

  • Sec. 74-75. – Declaration of water shortage; water shortage emergency.
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    The declaration of a water shortage or water shortage emergency within all or part of the City of Palm Beach Gardens by the governing board or executive director of the district shall invoke the provisions of this article. Upon such declaration all water use restrictions or other measures adopted by the district applicable to the City of Palm Beach Gardens, or any portion thereof, shall be subject to enforcement action pursuant to this article. Any violation of the provisions of Chapter 40E-21, Florida Administrative Code, or other any order issued pursuant thereto, shall be a violation of this article.

    (Ord. No. 02-2001, § 2, 3-15-01)

  • Sec. 74-76. – Enforcement.
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    Every law enforcement officer, code enforcement officer, or sheriff having jurisdiction in the area governed by this article shall, in connection with all other duties imposed by law, diligently enforce the provisions of this article.

    (Ord. No. 02-2001, § 2, 3-15-01)

  • Sec. 74-77. – Enforcement; penalties.
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    (a)

    Failure to comply with the requirements of this article shall be subject to the following penalties:                            

    First violation $25.00
    Second violation $250.00
    Third and subsequent violations Fine not to exceed $500.00 and/or imprisonment in the county jail not to exceed 60 days.

    Each day in violation of this article shall constitute a separate offense. In the initial stages of a water shortage or water shortage emergency, law enforcement officials may provide violators with no more than one written warning. The City of Palm Beach Gardens, in addition to the criminal sanctions contained herein, may take any other appropriate legal action, including, but not limited to emergency injunctive action, to enforce the provisions of this article. All monies collected pursuant to this article shall be deposited in the general fund of the City of Palm Beach Gardens.

    (Ord. No. 02-2001, § 2, 3-15-01)

    RESIDENTIAL/COMMUNITY Water-Use Restrictions

    PHASE I MODERATE PHASE II SEVERE PHASE III EXTREME PHASE IV CRITICAL
    LANDSCAPE WATERING
    Lots Under 5 Acres
    •Odd Number Addresses 3 days 2 days 1 day 1 day
    Monday, Wednesday, Saturday Wednesday, Saturday Saturday Saturday
    Irrigation: 4—8 a.m. and Hand Watering: 5—7 p.m. Irrigation: 4—8 a.m. and Hand Watering: 5—7 p.m. Irrigation: 4—7 a.m. and Hand Watering: 5—7 p.m. Irrigation: 6—7 a.m. and Hand Watering: 5—7 p.m.
    •Even Number Addresses 3 days 2 days 1 day 1 day
    Tuesday, Thursday, Sunday Thursday, Sunday Sunday Sunday
    Irrigation: 4—8 a.m. and Hand Watering: 5—7 p.m. Irrigation: 4—8 a.m. and Hand Watering: 5—7 p.m. Irrigation: 4—7 a.m. and Hand Watering: 5—7 p.m. Irrigation: 6—7 a.m. and Hand Watering: 5—7 p.m.
    Lots Over 5 Acres
    •Odd Number Addresses 3 days 2 days 1 day 1 day
    Monday, Wednesday, Saturday Wednesday, Saturday Saturday Saturday
    Irrigation: 12:01—8 a.m. and Hand Watering: 5—7 p.m. Irrigation: 12:01—8 a.m. and Hand Watering: 5—7 p.m. Irrigation: 12:01—7 a.m. and Hand Watering: 5—7 p.m. Irrigation: 4—7 a.m. and Hand Watering: 5—7 p.m.
    •Even Number Addresses 3 days 2 days 1 day 1 day
    Tuesday, Thursday, Sunday Thursday, Sunday Sunday Sunday
    Irrigation: 12:01—8 a.m. and Hand Watering: 5—7 p.m. Irrigation: 12-01—8 a.m. and Hand Watering: 5—7 p.m. Irrigation: 12:01—7 a.m. and Hand Watering: 5—7 p.m. Irrigation: 4—7 a.m. and Hand Watering: 5—7 p.m.
    NEW LANDSCAPING (in place less than 30 days)
    Lots Under 5 Acres 5 days 4 days 3 days 1 day
    Monday through Friday                                                                Monday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday Monday, Wednesday, Friday Saturday
    Irrigation: 2—8 a.m. Irrigation: 2—8 a.m. Irrigation: 2—7 a.m. Irrigation: 6—7 a.m.
    Lots Over 5 Acres 5 days 4 days 3 days 1 day
    Monday through Friday                                                                Monday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday Monday, Wednesday, Friday Saturday
    Irrigation: 12:01—8 a.m. Irrigation: 12:01—8 a.m. Irrigation: 12:01—7 a.m. Irrigation: 4—7 a.m.
    All Lots Low volume hand watering/irrigation allowed anytime. 3 days
    Monday, Wednesday, Friday Low volume hand watering/irrigation
    IRRIGATION SYSTEMS (deaning, adjusting, repairing)
    Existing Systems 10 minutes per zone per week. Cleaning and adjusting prohibited.
    New Systems 10 minutes per zone on a one-time basis. Cleaning and adjusting prohibited.
    PESTICIDE APPLICATION
    All lots Application is allowed on the same schedule as landscape watering (with voluntary reduction). If applied outside of the allowed hours, a licensed pesticide technician must be on the premises.
    OTHER
    Car/Boat Washing Allowed 4—8 a.m. according to landscape watering days. Allowed 4—7 a.m. according to landscape watering day. Allowed 6—7 a.m. according to landscape watering day.
    Washing allowed 5—7 p.m. on landscape watering days. Use automatic shut-off nozzle and drain to porous surface.
    Boat Rinsing After Salt Water Use Allowed once a day, up to 15 minutes per boat.
    Boat Washing As Primary Residence Allowed on landscape watering days, based on odd or even slip number.
    Swimming Pool Filling/Refilling Filling or refilling allowed. Must drain to porous surface. Filling of new pool allowed. Refill only if leaking more than one inch per day. Filling or refilling of new or existing pool prohibited.
    Ornamental (aesthetic) Water Uses Operating recirculating water features allowed. Outside/Inside uses prohibited.
    Washing Non-Porous Surface (sidewalks, etc.)                                                                Washing/rinsing with a hose NOT allowed. Low volume pressure cleaning only
    Outside Pressure Cleaning (Low Volume) 7 days Voluntary Reduction 5 days Voluntary Reduction Monday through Friday 2 days Voluntary Reduction Monday, Wednesday

    COMMERCIAL/RECREATION Water-Use Restrictions

    PHASE I MODERATE PHASE II SEVERE PHASE III EXTREME PHASE IV CRITICAL
    IRRIGATION SYSTEMS (deaning, adjusting, repairing)*
    Less Than One Acre Permitted 10 minutes per zone per week.
    One or More Than One Acre Permitted one hour per acre per week.
    PESTICIDE APPLICATION
    Licensed Individual/Company Application is permitted anytime with voluntary reduction.
    MOBILE EQUIPMENT WASHING
    Commercial Establishment Permitted anytime, Limited to 75 gallons or less per vehicle for cars, vans, and small trucks (under 10,000 lbs). Large trucks (over 10,000 lbs.) limited to 150 gallons or less. Permitted 8:00 a.m. 3:00 p.m. Limited to 75 gallons or less per vehicle for cars, vans, and small trucks (under 10,000 lbs.). Large trucks (over 10,000 lbs.) limited to 150 gallons or less.
    Licensed Individual/Company Washing/detailing permitted anytime using low volume methods, voluntary reduction.
    NURSERIES
    Low Volume Irrigation/Hand Watering Permitted anytime, voluntary reduction.
    Overhead Irrigation (inside) Permitted daily, 8:00 a.m.—8:00 p.m. Permitted on odd numbered calendar days, 8:00 a.m.—8:00 p.m. Permitted on odd numbered calendar days, 8:00 a.m.—4:00 p.m.
    Overhead Irrigation (outside) Permitted daily, 7:00 p.m.—7:00 a.m. Permitted on odd numbered calendar days, 7:00 p.m.—7:00 a.m. Permitted on odd numbered calendar days, 12:01—7:00 a.m. Permitted on odd numbered calendar days, 2:00 a.m.—7:00 a.m.
    Moisture Stress Relief for Containerized Nursery (one gallon or less) Permitted daily, 10 minutes per irrigation zone: 11:30 a.m.—12:00 p.m. (noon); 1:30 p.m.—2:00 p.m.; 3:30 p.m.—4:00 p.m.
    Flood Irrigation Permitted 8 days per month. Permitted 6 days per month. Permitted 4 days per month. Permitted 2 days per month.
    LANDSCAPE WATERING                                                                Same schedule as residential landscape watering.
    AGRICULTURE
    Overhead Irrigation (including portable volume guns) Permitted daily 2:00 p.m.—10:00 a.m. Permitted daily 7:00 p.m.—7:00 a.m.
    Moisture Stress Relief (field-grown citrus nursery stock) Permitted daily, 10 minutes per irrigation zone: 11:30 a.m.—12:00 p.m. (noon) 1:30 p.m.—2:00 p.m. Permitted daily, 10 minutes per irrigation zone: 11:30 a.m.—12:00 p.m. (noon); 1:30 p.m.—2:00 p.m.; 3:30 p.m.—4:00 p.m.
    Soil Flooding Permitted for vegetable seed and rice planting, burning sugarcane before harvest, and harvesting of sod.
    GOLF COURSES
    Greens and Tees (only during non-daylight hours for all Phases) Permitted daily during non-daylight hours. GREENS: voluntarily reduced. TEES: front nine holes permitted Monday, Wednesday, Saturday; back nine holes permitted Tuesday, Thursday, Sunday. GREENS: voluntarily reduced. TEES: front nine holes permitted Saturday; back nine holes permitted Sunday.
    Front Nine Fairways, Roughs, Non-playing Areas 3 days Monday, Wednesday, Saturday 12:01 a.m.—8:00 a.m. 2 days Wednesday, Saturday 12:01 a.m.—8:00 a.m. 1 day Saturday 12:01 a.m.—7:00 a.m. 1 day Saturday 4:00 a.m.—7:00 a.m.
    Back Nine Fairways, Roughs, Non-playing Areas 3 days Tuesday, Thursday, Sunday 12:01 a.m.—8:00 a.m. 2 days Thursday, Sunday 12:01 a.m.—8:00 a.m. 1 day Sunday 12:01 a.m.—7:00 a.m. 1 day Sunday 4 a.m.—7:00 a.m.
    Newly Seeded, Sprigged Areas (planted for less than 30 days) Permitted daily, 10 minutes per Irrigation zone: 11:30 a.m.—12:00 p.m. (noon); 1:30—2:00 p.m.; 3:30—4:00 p.m. Permitted daily, 5 minutes per Irrigation zone: 11:30 a.m.—12:00 p.m. (noon); 1:30—2:00 p.m.; 3:30—4:00 p.m. PROHIBITED
    RECREATION AREAS (Watering new or existing landscaping permitted during residential landscape watering schedule.)
    Newly Seeded, Sprigged Areas (planted for less than 30 days) Permitted daily, 10 minutes per Irrigation zone: 11:30 a.m.—12:00 p.m. (noon); 1:30—2:00 p.m.; 3:30—4:00 p.m. Permitted daily, 5 minutes per Irrigation zone: 11:30 a.m.—12:00 p.m. (noon); 1:30—2:00 p.m.; 3:30—4:00 p.m. Less than 5 acres permitted Mon., Wed., Fri., 4:00—7:00 a.m. 5 acres or more permitted Mon., Wed., Fri., 12:01—7:00 a.m. Less than 5 acres permitted Saturday, 6:00—7:00 a.m. 5 acres or more permitted Saturday, 4:00—7:00 a.m.
    Recreation/Sporting Surfaces (porous, non-vegetated) Permitted daily, 10 minutes prior to each event using low volume watering.
    Pressure Cleaning (low volume, voluntary reduction) 7 days 5 days Monday through Friday 2 days Monday, Wednesday
    * For recreation areas, golf courses, nurseries, and other agricultural uses refer to the Water Shortage Rule.

    (Ord. No. 02-2001, § 2, 3-15-01)

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New Primary Water Atmospheric Water Cycle Poster and Interview

PWI_poster_rev7-29-18

PWI_Interview

The Primary Water Institute – www.primarywaterinstitute.org
INTERVIEW WITH PAL PAUER
I=Interviewer P=Pal Pauer
I: The following dialogue explains in detail the Primary and Secondary
Water Cycles Chart, the copyright illustration shown at the water-cycle tab
page on the website of primarywaterinstitute.org
Today we’re going to explain in detail the illustration you see before you,
which shows the primary and secondary water cycles. You’ll see that the
mantle of the earth contains H2O, that primary water is created deep within
the earth from the synthesis of hydrogen and oxygen under tremendous
The Primary Water Institute – www.primarywaterinstitute.org
pressure from the earth’s internal heat.
H20 in the form of vapor is forced up through the weakest areas of earth’s
crust, the rock fissures, and it becomes liquid as it cools. Primary water is
forced upward. Atmospheric secondary water driven by Solar Energy flows
downward.
I:
Let us examine the illustration starting from the left.
Our consultant today is Pal Pauer, founder of The Primary Water Institute.
Pal, the first black line says “Natural PW Spring.” PW stands for “primary
water,” the water’s coming up from deep within the earth, so it is primary
water, correct?
P: Yes, actually these springs are quite common throughout the world. On
the left drawing they’re on flat ground, but sometimes a primary water
spring manifests on top of a mountain co-mingling with run-off water
(drawing on right), sometimes in a valley, sometimes in the middle of a
desert, like the Sahara. These desert waters do not come from the sky, we
should be asking what an “oasis” is all about! The water is being forced up
from deep below
The Primary Water Institute – www.primarywaterinstitute.org
I: Tell us about the black line pointing to a yellow illustration.
P: This is a drilling rig that has been placed by someone trained to locate
primary water in the fracture, the faulted structure. The caption reads “PW—
which stands for Primary Water—Well at a depth of 200 to 800 feet” but the
fact is one could locate primary water at zero feet, or a thousand feet, the
depth is really unknown.
I: Going to the right, are a couple of rain clouds are obviously producing
water from the Hydrologic Cycle. Please tell us about the next 4 black lines.
The Primary Water Institute – www.primarywaterinstitute.org
P: The first line identifies Permeable surface, pointing to permeable ground,
which is comprised of unsorted material which could be crushed gravel,
sands, or soil which has been oxidized on surface from which we grow our
food. “Permeable” is simply any kind of oxidized surface into which water
from the secondary cycle, water or snow melt, can and does penetrate. It’s
part of the secondary cycle—water can evaporate from or permeate into it —
in short, it’s not concrete or solid rock.
I: Why is the underground stream coming from rain runoff from the
mountain labeled “Polluted Aquifer”?
P: “Polluted” does not imply malicious or unconscious intent. Any aquifer
The Primary Water Institute – www.primarywaterinstitute.org
that is trapped beneath this permeable material, which we occupy has to be
polluted because of our presence, and the presence of animals. We occupy
that space. So ANYTHING we throw away, flush, dispose of, will find its
way down to this aquifer. Today pollutants also come from man made
contaminants into the atmosphere, which also includes radioactivity from
nuclear problems.
I: Tell us about the Reservoir in the illustration.
P: A reservoir is part of the secondary water cycle, even if constructed at a
height higher than the structures with human occupancy, because a reservoir
receives its water from rain or runoff.
I: There is a huge push for chemicals to treat our drinking water from the
reservoirs. Water obtained directly from primary water would not need to be
treated to be safe to drink, is this true?
P: Absolutely.
I: The fourth line called runoff?
P: Runoff flows from the highest point to the lowest point in our
environment, and that water joins with the other waters of the secondary
water cycle.
I: Let’s look at the larger lower white oval entitled “Primary Water Cycle,”
please tell us about it.
The Primary Water Institute – www.primarywaterinstitute.org
P: We didn’t know exactly what to name the full process so we called it
primary water cycle. First of all, it refers to water that originates in the
Mantle, the water cycle which predates even the existence of an atmosphere.
The oceans were “made” and the secondary water cycle came about
thereafter from evaporation. We have evidence that the level of the ocean is
not the same as it was 5 to 10 thousand years ago; the water in the mantle
contributes to our “water planet” being the “water planet” that it is. The total
value of our ocean waters is in fact growing today.
I: Lets look back up to the secondary water cycle. Locate the sun. There is a
small lake to the right of the rain cloud on the left.
The Primary Water Institute – www.primarywaterinstitute.org
Underneath it we see an aquifer composed of both runoff water and primary
water. So some aquifers have both kinds of water?
P: Primary water comes up from the mantle and injects itself—the earth has
faults, fractures, so surface and primary water commingle in aquifers, in
some lakes and some places in the ocean. This is shown on the illustration in
the area directly below the sun.
I: So we have a situation of secondary water from the polluted cycle
commingling with primary water—an ongoing dilution of the pollution via
this comingling. In places primary water is constantly and continually
surfacing.
P: Correct. Except where the primary water fissure don’t surface. Let’s take
a look at those.
I: In this illustration we see in each of the two mountains which underneath
a large rainclouds that there are primary water fissures which do reach the
surface.
The Primary Water Institute – www.primarywaterinstitute.org
P: That is absolutely correct. You can see two drilling rigs,
showing that you can access those waters that are trying to surface. The dark
line shows the drill going into the primary water fissure. Today there are
drilling rigs, which allow us to access a fissure, access these waters that are
trying to surface, by drilling either vertically or horizontally. The yellow
drilling rig on the left show a drill, which is indicated by the black line,
entering horizontally, and the yellow rig on the right has a drill—again,
indicated the black line—drilling vertically into a separate fissure. How one
chooses to drill of course depends on the setting and the logistics, can you
drill horizontally, is there a place to put the rig? In the old days we didn’t
have rigs that would drill horizontally, we had to tool into the mountain, but
now there exist such rigs.
I: We are seeing fissures that have never surfaced. Is it “better” to allow it to
exit to reduce the force of pressure.
P: It makes no difference. This planet provides for us to use. It makes no
difference to the planet whether we use it or we don’t use it!
I: Moving right to the Volcanic Eruptions, can you tell us about that?
P: There are simply no volcanic eruptions known, anywhere, without water
vapors which is further proof of the fact that when the unsorted magma
surfaces in the form of a eruptions, of volcanoes, they bring along with them
a yet undistilled, unseparated water in the form of steam. The magma from
below brings along a great deal of water, in the form of steam. When it
The Primary Water Institute – www.primarywaterinstitute.org
doesn’t erupt, it can exist simply as hot springs, which also exist all over the
world.
I: Tell us about the Fault lines filled with Primary Water in the ground the
far right of the illustration. What should the viewer understand about these?
P: Fault lines also indicate sheer zones are a result of indirect activity down
below. There can be vertical or horizontal faults, all of which are a result of
the indirect activity from down below. The solid material down below is sort
of bouncing around. The direction of the fault depends on which way the
push comes—upwards, downwards, sideways. Earth movement can uncover
a primary water fissure—which is exactly what happened recently in Napa
Valley after the 6.0 earthquake—or it can disrupt and cut off a prior flow.
People have asked whether drilling for primary water in such fault lines, and
thereby releasing the pressure would reduce earthquakes? The answer is that
such drilling wouldn’t stop earth movements, because everything down
below is under stress. It might mitigate earth movement, so we could have a
2 instead of 7 rated earthquake.
I: Do we have enough potable water for our world?
P: In fact we have more water today than we’ve ever had in the history of
the planet. The point is that we don’t always have the water in the places we
would like to have it if we rely only on the secondary water cycle, which is
totally reliant on that which evaporates. The planet itself has enough potable
water within it, which could see us through these weather cycles, which we
have for many unknown reasons. We have a back up system, which is this
planet.
The Primary Water Institute – www.primarywaterinstitute.org
I: Seems as if we have been relying on wrong information about water
scarcity, about where water comes from, in a way analogous to think of our
knowledge as in a period similar to that of flat earth science.
P: I concur 100% percent.
I: Recently in California there have been emergency moratoriums on well
drilling. For example, in October 2014 the County of Ventura, Calif. put a
moratorium on all drilling which was reducing the ground water table and
resulting in ocean intrusion. Farmlands abutting the ocean are finding
increased salinity, such that the land can no longer be farmed because of
high salt content.
P: Ventura County should know better. The ancient river basin of Santa
Clara Valley River flows into the ocean at Oxnard and Pt. Magu. It is
made up of both secondary and primary water sources. They refer to the
water as “our bank account” but they don’t know where their money comes
from. It’s a distribution choice. In the past they’ve pumped too much water
from that basin and could not maintain the ability of the basin to sustain
itself and keep the salt water out. They could choose to accomplish
replenishing the water from the California aqueduct, which is to rob Peter to
pay Paul.
Or they could choose to have water wells in structures that Ventura County
is well noted for and drill for primary water in, say, the foothills of upper
Ojai.
It’s a question of distribution and of cost. Such wells are independent of the
atmosphere, and would be there even in the drought periods.
I: Pal, your Primary & Secondary Water Cycles chart is easy to understand.
We have simply not been taught. Thank you for your contribution to our
understanding.

WATER ALERT: Flood Protection and Groundwater Recharge Plan Now Available for Public Comment

Flood Protection and Groundwater Recharge Plan Now Available for Public Comment

Santa Rosa, CA  –  August 20, 2018  –  Members of the public are invited to submit comments on a storm water resources plan for the Petaluma River and Sonoma Creek watersheds that has identified more than 60 projects that will utilize storm water from heavy rainfall for beneficial uses, such as flood protection, recharge of groundwater, slowing erosion from hillsides, and improving water quality in creeks and streams.

The Southern Sonoma County Storm Water Resources Plan (SWRP) is funded through a grant received by the Sonoma County Water Agency (Sonoma Water) and is being developed collaboratively under the guidance of a Technical Advisory Committee made up of 13 agencies and non-profit organizations in both watersheds. Project ideas were submitted last year by the public or organizations and were reviewed by the Technical Advisory Committee and then prioritized within the SWRP. Projects included in the plan do not receive any funding, but are qualified to apply for state funding to implement the projects.

Public comments on the SWRP can be submitted to Susan Haydon, Project Specialist, susan.haydon@scwa.ca.gov, or by using an online form: https://goo.gl/forms/tZsXb7pBuRGwf6ZO2. The public comment period will close on September 17, 2018. To learn more about the SWRP visit www.scwa.ca.gov/SWRP.

Storm water is water generated by rainstorms that runs off surfaces such as rooftops, streets and parking lots into creeks and streams. Storm water projects capture this water by slowing it, storing it or allowing it to recharge groundwater. To be eligible in the plan, projects must provide multiple benefits, which could include flood control, groundwater recharge, water reuse, and improved water quality in waterways.

“We appreciate the hard work that the community and the local stakeholders have put into developing this plan,” said Sonoma Water Director Susan Gorin, who represents the Sonoma Valley as the First District Supervisor. “This is a wonderful opportunity for our communities to develop new ways of using runoff to protect our watersheds. Now the challenge is to get some of these projects funded.”

Sonoma Water Director David Rabbitt’s Second Supervisorial District includes the Petaluma River Watershed. “There is a lot of interest in our community to develop projects that help with flooding, groundwater recharge, and water quality,” he said. “Public participation is critical to this process. The more input we receive the stronger this plan will be and the better qualified the projects will be for funding.”

To learn more about the Southern Sonoma Storm Water Resources Plan, please visit www.sonomacountywater.org/SWRP/.

Sonoma Water logo with tagline

What is Primary Water? 1985 Interview with Dr. Stephan Riess

What is Primary Water? 1985 Interview with Dr. Stephan Riess
Published on Jun 19, 2015
Watch the video:

This is a very important interview of the late Dr. Stephan Riess from 1985 about primary water. For more information, please visit thewww.primarywaterinstitute.org andwww.primarywaterworks.com.
TRANSCRIPTION OF YOU TUBE VIDEO: WHAT IS PRIMARY WATER?(see attached)
Titles: The Primary Water Institute and PrimaryWater.org
Dr. Stephen Riess on Primary Water — The Last Interview
September 22, 1985 With Dr. Wayne Weber and Ross Frazier In Escondido, California
The term Primary Water was coined by the late Dr. Stephen Riess, the geophysicist who independently discovered its existence and pioneered its development, beginning in the 1930s until his death in December 1985.
“My discovery was put to a field test by locating and drilling many wells. The records to date from these tests is 70 producing wells out of 72 attempts, all drilled in hard rock, all located in distressed areas generally considered unproductive.” (Dr. Stephen Riess, 1954)
Primary water is a little known renewable resource that originates deep within the earth. When conditions are right, oxygen combines with hydrogen to make new water. This water is constantly being pushed up toward the surface under great pressure. The water finds its way towards the surface through fissures or faults. Depending on the geology, primary water can be accessed close to the surface, or even flow out as a spring.
Primary water has never been a part of the hydrologic cycle until it finally arrives at the surface. Traditional hydrologic cycle water is finite and volumes fluctuate relative to available rain and snowmelt. Primary water is renewable and plentiful regardless of the weather.
This priceless interview from 1985 of Dr. Stephen Riess is presented in its entirety regardless of camera movement and colorful language.
Ross Frazier: This is Escondido, Sunday the 22nd of September 1985 and we’re taking instruction from Dr. Stephen Riess, an eminent earth scientist at his home in Escondido, high on a rock promontory overlooking the valley and showing massive protrusions of granite boulders all around. Stephen Riess is a very controversial scientist and has extensive knowledge worldwide in the finding of water.
Turning to address Dr. Stephen Riess . . . Do you have any immediate finds in Escondido in the last three or four months?
__________________________________________________________________________
The Garlock Project – Drilling for Primary Water in the Tehachapi’s

History
Pal Pauer’s mentor Hydrologist and Mining Engineer Dr. Stephan Riess was convinced that the primary water source for California City (California) originated from the Garlock Fault. His dream for testing his hypothesis materialized whenPal Pauer drilled two test boreholes adjacent to the Garlock Fault in the Tehachapi Mountains at a 6,000-foot elevation. The outcome is remarkable!
Timeline
April 15, 2015 Primary Water Institute (PWI) founder Pal Pauer (Pal) was approached by clients for a feasibility study for locating several primary water wells on their property. They provided topographic maps and approximate desired well locations. Pal determined the project was feasible.
July 4, 2015, Pal made a site visit to the Tehachapi Mountains to verify the information provided on the maps. Pal spent one week on site investigating viability and likelihood of primary water at this elevation (6,000 feet). He found a vent or fumarole which was adjacent to the fault and represented a site favored by the property owners. Consequently, the owners and Pal determined and marked locations for 2 wells on the property. Further investigation and drilling test boreholes was the next step.
A search ensued for a suitable drilling rig to make the project possible. Several drilling firms were considered and it was decided by the property owners and Pal that Paul Hern Drilling Inc. had the knowledge and equipment that could drill the wells. Note the state of the drilling rig.
Dec 6 2015, a trip was made by Pal from his home in Oregon to the Tehachapi’s to over-see the project.
Dec 8 Arrived on client’s property to start drilling
Dec 98:30am, drilling begin on site. The first test well was named Maryanne 1. A highly fractured meta-volcanics was encountered at 20 feet which led to the probability of water. Further drilling into the structure where large fractured material was ejected under air pressure along with an ever increasing quantity of water. Work had to be stopped about 100 feet in depth due to the lack of availability of air volume and pressure to remove debris and water. It is estimated that the water that was ejected from a 7-inch diameter borehole was at the rate of 800 plus gallons per minute. Further progress could not be made with available volume of air and pressure. It was determined that water was very good quality between 150 to 250 PPM/L – total dissolved solids (TDS).
The drilling rig was moved to the second well site named Heather 1. This location is part of the same rim of the vent/fumarole that is estimated to be between 2-5 feet in width.
Dec 10, approximately 100 yards across from first site, the same procedures were followed and water was encountered in larger quantity at a 60-foot depth and drilling could not proceed any further due to inability to remove water/cuttings and debris.
Other Calfotogal primary water videos:

WATER ALERT! Global High-Level Panel on Water and Peace – Secretariat | Geneva Water Hub

Version:1.0 StartHTML:000000193 EndHTML:000777033 StartFragment:000751833 EndFragment:000776807 StartSelection:000751833 EndSelection:000776773 SourceURL:https://outlook.live.com/mail/ Mail – ARC Copy – Outlook

The Global High-Level Panel on Water and Peace was launched on 16 November 2015 in Geneva with the task of developing a set of proposals aimed at strengthening the global framework to prevent and resolve water-related conflicts, and facilitate the use of water as an important factor of building peace and enhancing the relevance of water issues in national and global policy making.

Access to the private area

15 countries have co-convened the Panel: Cambodia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Estonia, France, Ghana, Hungary, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Morocco, Oman, Senegal, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland.

The issue of “Water and Peace” has many facets. The Panel was asked to focus on four main themes:

  • Identify legal, economic, financial and institutional mechanisms to incentivize multi-sectoral and transboundary water cooperation;
  • Examine how to cope with and prevent water-related conflicts, namely transboundary and inter-sectoral — possibly exploring potential mechanisms to promote hydro-diplomacy;
  • Promote effective implementation of the global water conventions;
  • Promote best practices in water cooperation.

Panel Members are serving in their individual capacity. The Panel is independent and is tasked with outlining concrete proposals and recommendations to enable water to be an instrument of peace. These proposals will be non-binding and will address policy issues at all levels (global, regional, national and local). The Panel will not however make any country specific recommendations.

While the Panel is entirely independent, it has worked in close cooperation with relevant stakeholders, notably with the UN which is represented in the Panel through UN-Water as observer and which is involved in all sessions.

The Panel has met four times: in Geneva, Switzerland, in Dakar, Senegal, in San José, Costa Rica and in Amman, Jordan. Each time, it has met with regional experts in order to feed its reflection.

The Geneva Water Hub acts as Secretariat of the Panel. The Strategic Foresight Group, a think tank based in Mumbai, supports the work of the Panel.

In September 2017 there will be the launching of the Panel’s Report in Geneva and in New York. The Report will then be presented in regional events all around the world and at the 2018 World Water Forum in Brasilia.

14 September 2017 Panel Report Launch in Geneva Photo Gallery

The Members of the Global High-Level Panel on Water and Peace

Chair

Prof. Danilo Türk, nominated by the Republic of Slovenia

Served as the third President of the Republic of Slovenia (2007-2012).

Currently Emeritus Professor of International Law, University in Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Prof Türk had a rich and varied career as an academic, as a diplomat and as UN official. In the years 1984-1992, he wrote several UN reports on human rights. In the years 1992-2000 he was Ambassador, Permanent representative of Slovenia to the UN in New York. He served on the UN Security Council in 1998-1999 and was President of the Security Council twice. Between 2000-2005, he served as UN Assistant Secretary-General for Political Affairs, at the invitation of Mr. Kofi Annan, then UN Secretary-General. In that period he worked on a variety of diplomatic projects of the UN, including in the field of preventive diplomacy. In the year 2016 he was a candidate for the post of UN Secretary-General. His genuine commitment as Chairman of the Global High-Level Panel on Water and Peace (2015-2017) was key to the success of the work of the Panel.

Vice Chairs

H.E. Mr. Mansour Faye, nominated by the Republic of Senegal

Minister of Hydraulics and Sanitation of the Republic of Senegal since July 2014.

Mayor of the city of Saint-Louis that is located at the mouth of the Senegal River.

Under Mr. Faye’s tenure, Senegal reached the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for drinking water and sanitation. He was one of the architects of the first public debate on “Water, Peace and Security” launched by Senegal during his presidency of the United Nations Security Council in November 2016. This debate led the Council to reflect on the ways making water a means of international cooperation rather than a “vector of conflict”. He was member of the Organizations for the Development of the Senegal River (OMVS) and for the Development the Gambia River Basin (OMVG). He also chaired the African Ministers’ Council on Water (AMCOW) from 2014 to 2016 and he currently chairs the African Water Facility (AWF).

Dr Alvaro Umaña Quesada, nominated by the Republic of Costa Rica

First Minister of Energy and Environment of Costa Rica (1986-1990).

Currently co-chairs Climate Transparency, an organization dedicated to monitor and rate country progress toward compliance of the Paris Climate Accords.

With an academic background in environmental science and engineering as well as economics, Dr Alvaro Umaña has a long relation with United Nations institutions including having been a member of the Executive Board of UNESCO, Chairman of the World Bank Inspection Panel, Leader of the UNDP Energy and Environment Group, and representative of Central America on the Board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Members (by order of nomination by co-convening country)

Prof Laurence Boisson de Chazournes, nominated by Switzerland

Professor at the Law Faculty at the University of Geneva.

Expert and advisor to various States, International Organizations, associations and foundations.

As an academic and a practitioner, Laurence Boisson de Chazournes has been a renowned expert who has worked in different regions of the world for many years. She has contributed to the strengthening of the Organization for the Development of the River Senegal (OMVS) and to the negotiation of the agreement on the River Nile. She has also served as an arbitrator in an Indus Waters dispute and is an advocate in international litigation involving rivers in Latin America.

Dr Claudia Patricia Mora, nominated by the Republic of Colombia

Former Vice Minister of Water and Sanitation of the Republic of Colombia.

Currently Partner and head of the Environmental Law Department at the Pinilla, González and Pieto Abogados Law Firm.

Claudia Mora is a lawyer by profession with wide experience in environmental law as well as public utilities regulation. Claudia was Superintendent of Public Services for Drinking Water and Sanitation. Under her leadership, important environmental regulations and policies were issued such as the National Water Policy (National Policy for the Integral Management of the Water Resource – 2010).

Dr Pascual Fernandez, nominated by Spain

Former State Secretary for Water and Seashore of Spain.

Currently Professor of Applied economics in the field of environment at the Juan Carlos I University of Madrid.

He has served in his country as General Director of Taxes in the Regions of Castilla and León and in Madrid. He is author of 11 books and several research papers in applied economic. Actually is the Dean and Chairman of the Madrid Economists Association.

Professeur Andras Szöllösi-Nagy, nominated by the Republic of Hungary

Former Rector for the UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education in Delft from 2009 to 2014.

Currently professor of Sustainable Water Management at the National University of Public Service in Hungary.

Dr András Szöllösi-Nagy has 30+ years of experience in water resource management; In addition to many years of research and teaching, he served for 20 years as Secretary of UNESCO’s International Hydrological Programme (IHP) where he was instrumental in initiating and launching the UN World Water Assessment Programme (WWAP). He is a founding member of the World Water Council (WWC).

His Royal Highness Prince Hassan bin Talal of the Hashemite Kingdom Of Jordan, nominated by the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

Chairs the United Nations Secretary General’s Advisory Board on Water and Sanitation (UNSGAB).

His Royal Highness Prince El Hassan bin Talal has chaired the Independent Commission on International Humanitarian Issues, and contributed to their report “Winning the Human Race”; which addresses issues such as man against man, man against nature and natural disasters. HRH also chairs the Strategic Foresight Group’s initiative called Blue Peace which focusses on water’s key role in all areas of security.

Mr. Yerlan Nysanbayev, nominated by Kazakhstan

Vice Minister of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Vice Minister of the Environmental Protection in the Republic of Kazakhstan since 2013.

Hon. Mike Hammah, nominated by the Republic of Ghana

Former Minister for Land and Natural Resources of the Republic of Ghana.

It is with his long political experience and knowledge of the private sector that Hon Mike Hammah has contributed to the work of the Panel. Mr. Hon Mike Hammah is a politician and a professional quantity surveyor. He has held many positions in the Ghanaian political space including during sixteen years as member of the Ghanaian parliament (for Effutu constituency) and for 12 years as deputy Minister for roads and transport, Minister for transport and Minister for lands and natural resources. He is currently a construction cost consultant and a risk management consultant.

Mr. Ciaran O’Cuinn, nominated by the Sultanate of Oman

Center Director of the Middle East Desalinization Research Center of the Sultanate of Oman since 2013.

From 2002 to 2011, Mr. Ciaran O’Cuinn has acted as Special Advisor to the Minister at the Department of Communications, Energy and Natural Resources, at the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade and finally at the Department of Justice and Equality of the Republic of Ireland. He has then served as Executive Director of External and Strategic Affairs at the Dublin City University. Since 2013, he is the Center Director of the MEDRC of the Sultanate of Oman, a unique international organization that works to build solutions to fresh water scarcity across borders and divisions.

Dr Andres Tarand, nominated by Estonia

Former Prime Minister of the Republic of Estonia.

With an academic background of climatologist and researcher, Andres Tarand had led the negotiations between Russia and Estonia for the demarcation of the border which is mainly in courses of rivers and lakes. He has also been a Member of the Estonian Parliament as well as a Member of the European Parliament for the Social Democratic Party. He has been involved in various organizations with environmental and sustainable development concerns, such as the Estonian Geographical Association, the Estonian Institute for Sustainable Development, the Stockholm Environment Institute, the Estonian Nature Fund, and Globe International Europe.

H.E. Mr. Thor Chetha, appointed by Cambodia

State Secretary of the Minister of Water Resources and Meteorology of the Kingdom of Cambodia since 2013.

Currently State Secretary of the Minister of Water Resources and Meteorology.

H.E Thor Chetha earned a Masters Degree in Political Science and Bachelor Degree in public law. He also earned High diploma in the field of Public Leadership, Administration and Good Governance from Nanyang University, Singapore, received high certificate in the field of Commerce Policy Development for GMS from Singapore and attained Diploma in the field of Mine Management from the United States. He has been assigned to be a co-chairman for the CAVAC II (Cambodia Agricultural Value Chain Program).

Mr. Franck Galland, nominated by France

Founder and CEO of Environmental Emergency and Security Services for the French Republic since 2010.

Mr. Galland is currently considered as one of the leading French expert in strategic and security issues related to water. He also made extensive research on the vulnerabilities of critical infrastructures such as water supply systems. He is the author of three well-received books and about fifty research papers published in reviews of international relations and defense. As a background, he spent 20 years working in the water industry and is currently the CEO of an engineering firm specialized in resiliency and contingency planning for utilities. Mr. Galland is also a reserve officer (rank : Lt-Colonel) serving as a water expert for the French Ministry of Defense.

Mr. Abdelaaziz Ameziane, nominated by Morocco

Project manager and adviser to the General Secretariat of the Ministry of Water

General Engineer and reserve officer, Mr. Ameziane is one of the leading Moroccan experts in the field of water resources, including on regulatory and institutional aspects. With 30 years of experience in water research and management, including during periods of conflicts, he contributed to the development of the national water strategy and leaded several reforms of the water sector in Morocco, notably on the aspects related to intersectorial conflicts.

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Co-convening countries supporting quotes (alphabetic quote author)

Mr Karl Erjavec

Minister of Foreign Affairs of Slovenia

“Water is a source of life and prosperity. It should never be a source of division.”

Mr Siim Kiisler

Minister of Environment of Estonia

“Effective transboundary water cooperation, including timely and credible information exchange, is an important basis for conflict prevention.”

Mr Yerlan Nysanbayev

Vice Minister of Agriculture and of the Environmental Protection of the Republic of Kazakhstan

“Peace and security through water cooperation.”

Mr Macky Sall

President of Senegal

“Water is a source of life and well-being when its use calls upon cooperative spirit and sharing.”

H.E. Mr Ney Samol

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Permanent Representative of the Kingdom of Cambodia to the United Nations Office and other international organizations in Geneva.

“Cambodia people live in harmony with nature, thanks to abundant natural water system, government’s policy and political stability.”

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Input documents to the reflection of the Panel

Geneva Water Hub Think Tank roundtables reports

  1. 20 March 2017 – Round Table – “Data for Water, Peace and Security”.
  2. 28 February 2017 – Round Table – “Hydro-Diplomacy for Water, Peace and Security”.
  3. 27 February 2017 – Round Table – “Financing Incentives for Water Cooperation”.
  4. 3 February 2017 – Round Table – “Refugees and Access to Water: Challenges and Responses”.
  5. 1 November 2016 – Round Table – “Intersectoriality and Conflicts”.
  6. 26 October 2016 – Round Table – “Promoting the Effectiveness of International Water Law in Support of Security and Peace”.
  7. 14 June 2016 – Round Table – “Protection of Water During and After Armed Conflicts”.
  8. 24 September 2015 – Round Table – “Cooperation and Benefit Sharing in the Senegal and Niger River Basins”.

Documents of the Strategic Foresight Group (SFG)

  1. Recommendations from the SFG to the Global High-Level Panel on Water and Peace

Others

  1. Bolognesi T., Bréthaut Ch., Sangbana K., & Tignino M. (2016). Transboundary governance in the Senegal and Niger river basins: historical analysis and overview of the status of common facilities and benefit sharing arrangements.
  2. Pohl, B., & Kramer, A. (2016). Investing in basins of risk: What elements should a putative code of conduct for business operating in basins at risk include? (Discussion Note). Geneva Water Hub.
  3. Pohl, B., & Kramer, A. (2016). Sharing benefits in shared basins: What are the opportunities of and experiences with benefit-sharing in transboundary basins? (Discussion Note). Geneva Water Hub.

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Water and Peace Symphony

By the time the Panel’s messages and recommendations are finalized, they will also be conveyed in the universal language of music. Indeed, a unique and particularly inspiring feature of the Panel’s work is that it will be accompanied and enriched by musicians from around the world. The result will be an original symphony for Water & Peace, composed progressively as the Panel convenes in different continents. Upon completion, the symphony is intended to become a powerful symbol and inspiration for all efforts to make water a source of cooperation and peace.

More information and music can be found here.

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Hell Froze Over As Argentina Embargoes Chevron’s $2 Billion In Assets ~ The Chevron Pit – Contaminated the Rain Forest

Hell Froze Over As Argentina Embargoes Chevron’s $2 Billion In Assets ~ The Chevron Pit – Contaminated the Rain Forest

EXCERPT:

Posted on Thursday, November 08, 2012
Yesterday, hell froze over when an Argentine court embargoed or, in effect, froze up to potentially $19 billion in Chevron assets in the South American country.

Now it’s time to fight it out on the ice.

Chevron, which now has about $2 billion in assets in Argentina, has sworn it will never pay a dime to cleanup the contamination it left behind in the Ecuadorian rainforest. Said former General Counsel Charles James: “Not till hell freezes over, and then we will fight it out on the ice.”

Chevron has defied Ecuador’s courts, refusing to pay an enforceable $19 billion judgment and forcing the Ecuadorians to file lawsuits to seize assets in Ecuador, Brazil, Canada and Argentina to obtain the damage award for one of the world’s largest oil-related environmental disasters.

BREAKING – WATER WARS: MOUNTAIN HOUSE, California – OUT OF WATER in DAYS? and a UN AGENDA 21 Smart Growth Community – a census designated place

MOUNTAIN HOUSE, California – OUT OF WATER in DAYS?  and a UN AGENDA 21 Smart Growth Community – a census designated place . . .  and More
WATER WARS – MOUNTAIN HOUSE, California – Letter to the Community – Water Supply Curtailment from the State Water Resources Control Board and MORE About Mountain House . . .  Posted on www.StopTheCrime.net  just added . .
COMMENT:  We are still digging into what seems peculiar about Mountain House in California.  ALL week national media coverage has told us Mountain House will be OUT of water in days . . . Our research teams contacted some locals in the real estate profession, in Mountain House on 6/20/15, and were told there had been NO media coverage that they had noticed in Mountain House.  NO Media was there, that they noticed, about the nationwide announcement that there were ONLY a few days left of water available for the community.  In-fact one realtor only heard about the water curtailment on the community Facebook and an out of state relative who called with concern.  Another local comment the entire situation seemed strange, very strange . . .  We were told Mountain House was a branch off of Tracy, California which is ten minutes drive time away . . . There are no stores or shops in Mountain House yet, however, the development was required to reach a certain number of roof tops to start construction on stores – and they have met that build out number . . .  A NEW high school has JUST been completed!  Now they plan to start building a business center.
The USDA home loans have very stringent requirements and strict windows of income brackets.  These loans are difficult for buyers to qualify and meet the income criteria.  (more below about USDA home loans – below)
Mountain House has its own fire department and the police is the highway patrol . . .  Seems there might be ties to the corporation that acquired the land, SunChase Holdings and Rothschild . . . Th BIG corporate players are involved from the building team, to the USDA, Smart Growth, Green Building – a UN Agenda 21 sustainable development. . .  Mountain House is a census-designated place or CDP, a term assigned by the U.S. Census Bureau to communities that resemble cities but lack incorporation or any sort of municipal government.  It seems to be similar to a condominium homeowners association with an elected board and C.C. and R’s (Covenants, Condition and Restrictions) . . . The water shortage could have a significant impact upon the board and all the homeowners if they find their costs must go up to defray trucked in water and possible holding tanks for water storage should the community receive NO more water. . .
Mountain House has the ideal conditions to be used as a template to shut off water. .  It’s really not a city.  Remember, Mountain House is a census-designated place, or CDP, a term assigned by the U.S. Census Bureau to communities that resemble cities and have no sort of municipal government.  Also Mountain House is a smart community following the UN Agenda 21 policies of which deep water cuts are called for.
Keep in mind we do NOT have a Water Shortage.  We have Primary Water – water that is continuously created within the mantel of the Earth.  Water is RENEWABLE . . . Go to www.PrimaryWater.org      Do NOT be tricked and fearful – Primary Water is Good News and we must understand the REAL water facts. . .
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NO More Water:  Mountain House – Byron Bethany Irrigation District Ordered by State Water Resources Control Board NO Water Diversions ZERO WATER . . . PDF

http://bbid.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/BBID-Letter-to-Mountain-House-CSD-06192015.pdf

Click above link to view ALL letters . . .

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Mountain House -Master-planned community at risk of losing all water within days – LA Times 6/18/15 . . .

http://www.latimes.com/local/california/la-me-0618-mountain-house-20150618-story.html

EXCERPT:

The board can fine a water user $1,000 to $10,000 per day for violating the curtailment order or subsequent “cease and desist” orders issued by regulators.

The district will keep supplying water to the town “until we have had the opportunity to fully evaluate the curtailment notice,” said Gilmore, adding that it is also considering litigation to protect its water rights.

In addition to Mountain House, about 160 local farmers are affected by the curtailment order, Gilmore said. Without water, the area would lose almost 10,000 acres of almonds, cherries, sweet corn, grapes, tomatoes, walnuts and other crops, he said.

In Mountain House, lawns, shrubbery, parks and athletic fields are at risk, said Edwin Pattison, general manager of the Mountain House Community Services District.

If it loses its water supply, Mountain House could be forced to draw down its storage in a few days and then be without water, Pattison said.

But “that’s the worst-case scenario,” Pattison added, saying that he believes he will be able to find another water supplier with older water rights that has water in storage that it can sell.

“The reality is we’re going to get some water supply,” he said. “The question is: Is it going to be enough to maintain permanent landscaping or are we going to lose tens of millions of dollars of value that supports the aesthetics of this community?”

If Pattison fails to find other water, the community and the irrigation district could negotiate with the water board to keep water flowing.

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Mountain House: Water will flow – Golden State Newspapers: Tracy Press News . . .

http://www.goldenstatenewspapers.com/tracy_press/news/mountain-house-water-will-flow/article_1eb66f3e-152c-11e5-92a1-ebba758220b9.html

EXCERPT:
Posted: Wednesday, June 17, 2015 1:04 pm
By Denise Ellen Rizzo | 0 comments
MOUNTAIN HOUSE — Residents heard at a town hall meeting Tuesday that water will still flow to their homes, despite reports that the state would be shutting off their water in two days’ time.
“Are they going to cut the water off to this community? Not at all,” General Manager Edwin Pattison said. “Right now, I am probable that we’re going to obtain an alternative water supply. We’ll get this community through the end of this year and through conservation efforts. You can be assured you will be OK.”
Pattison explained that he had started the process of buying a humanitarian emergency water supply before the state board ordered curtailment of pre-1914 water rights on Monday. The curtailment means Byron Bethany Irrigation District — Mountain House’s only source of water — can no longer pump from the Delta, and he said that might mean less water available to residents.
“We’re in somewhat of an epic water crisis in the state of California,” Pattison told more than 100 people in the Michael Forbes McGrew Board Room at 230 S. Sterling Drive.
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READ the Letter to the Mountain House Community from the General Manager of the Community Services District – Water Supply Curtailment from the State Water Resources Control Board – dated June 15, 2015 –

http://www.mountainhousecsd.org/pdf/Drought6-16-15.pdf

EXCERPT:

June 15, 2015
Dear Mountain House Resident,

In an unprecedented move [but not without surprise in this fourth year of a drought], the state agency that regulates Post-1914 water rights exerted regulatory discretion under the state drought emergency declaration to begin curtailing Pre-1914 water rights. The implications of this state action could impact the community of Mountain House.

Mountain House will not run out of water as some reports have stated in the press recently. Your Mountain House Board and staff have been aware of this potential issue and have been working to minimize potential harm to the community. As we speak, staff is working to secure an alternative water supply that combined with prudent conservation measures will carry us through the end of this year [Let’s hope and pray for a large Sierra Snowpack this next winter!]

Mountain House – Home

http://www.mountainhousecsd.org/

Image description
We had a 38.5% reduction of water usagage in December 2014
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  • Single Family Housing Direct Home Loans | USDA Rural …

    www.rd.usda.gov/programs…/single-family-housing-direct-homeloans

    Loan funds may be used to help low-income individuals or households purchase homesin rural areas. Funds can be used to build, repair, renovate or relocate a …

  • Single Family Housing Guaranteed Loan Program | USDA …

    www.rd.usda.gov/…/single-family-housing-guaranteed-loan-program

    Home · About RD … provides a 90% loan note guarantee to approved lenders in order to reduce the risk of extending 100% loans to eligible rural homebuyers.

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In the news

USDA Seeks Applications for Loans and Grants to Create Jobs and Support Rural Economic Development

WASHINGTON, June 19, 2015 – Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack today announced that USDA is accepting applications for loans and grants to support business expansion, create jobs and increase economic opportunities in rural communities.

“Small businesses are the engine that drives job creation and investment capital coupled with business savvy provide the spark that gets that engine running” Vilsack said. “This funding will help the nation’s rural microentrepreneurs strengthen their capacity to create jobs, grow their businesses and fuel the economy. USDA is working with local organizations to provide capital to help small business owners achieve higher performance.”

Funding is being provided through USDA’s Rural Microentrepreneur Assistance Program (RMAP). The 2014 Farm Bill reauthorized the program through 2018. For Fiscal Year 2015, more than $16 million is available in loans and grants.

Details about how to apply for this are on page 35299 of the June 19 Federal Register. Application forms may be obtained from any USDA Rural Development State Office.

RMAP provides loans and grants to Microenterprise Development Organizations (MDOs) to help microentrepreneurs – very small businesses with 10 or fewer employees – access capital to start or grow businesses. MDOs use the funds to provide training and technical assistance to small businesses or to establish revolving loan funds that provide micro-loans, typically $5,000 to $50,000, to rural microentrepreneurs.

Since the beginning of the Obama Administration, USDA Rural Development has invested $72.2 million in loans and grants through the RMAP program to support more than 390 projects that help very small business enterprises.

For example, in 2014, Rural Development awarded a $500,000 loan and a $105,000 grant to the Midcoast Council of Governments (MCOG) in Maine to capitalize a revolving loan fund. The fund provided technical assistance and training to rural microentrepreneurs and microenterprises.

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Notice

Notice of Funds Availability (NOFA) for the Rural Microentrepreneur Assistance Program for Fiscal Year 2015

ACTION

Notice.

SUMMARY

This Notice is to invite applications for loans and grants under the Rural Microentrepreneur Assistance Program (RMAP) pursuant to 7 CFR part 4280, subpart D, for fiscal year (FY) 2015. Funding to support $14.190 million in loans and $2.086 million in grants is currently available. The RMAP funds were provided through the Agricultural Act of 2014, Public Law 113-79, on February 7, 2014 (2014 Farm Bill). RMAP provides the following types of support: loan only, combination loan and technical assistance grant, and subsequent technical assistance grants to Microenterprise Development Organizations (MDO).
All applicants are responsible for any expenses incurred in developing their applications or costs incurred prior to the obligation date.
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Census designated place

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
census designated place (CDP)[1][2][3] is a concentration of population identified by the United States Census Bureau for statistical purposes. CDPs are delineated for each decennial census as the statistical counterparts of incorporated places,[4]such as citiestowns, and villages. CDPs are populated areas that lack separate municipal government, but which otherwise physically resemble incorporated places.
CDPs are delineated solely to provide data for settled concentrations of population that are identifiable by name but are not legally incorporated under the laws of the state in which they are located. They include small rural communities, coloniaslocated along the U.S. border with Mexico, and unincorporated resort and retirement communities.[5] The boundaries of a CDP have no legal status.[1] Thus, they may not always correspond with the local understanding of the area or community with the same name. However, criteria established for the 2010 Census require that a CDP name “be one that is recognized and used in daily communication by the residents of the community” (not “a name developed solely for planning or other purposes”) and recommend that a CDP’s boundaries be mapped based on the geographic extent associated with residents’ use of the place name.[5]
What the Heck is a “Census-Designated Place?” | Aaron’s Worldwide Adventures . . .

http://www.aaronswwadventures.com/2012/06/census-designated-place-keystone-co-tbex/

EXCERPT:

But this insular little community troubled me the entire time I was there. It felt like a resort. Its logo was everywhere. Something was off here. But what was it…

Interwebs, don’t fail me now! And the answer, as I and my fellow researcherLaurel came to learn on Sunday night is that Keystone, Colorado is nottechnically a town. No, no, it’s a little something termed as a Census-Designated Place.

A what?

What’s a Census-Designated Place?

Turns out a Census-Designated Place, or CDP, is a term assigned by the U.S.Census Bureau to communities that resemble cities but lack incorporation or any sort of municipal government. Or a post office, it seems (at least in the case of Keystone).

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Mountain House – Annual Operating BUDGET 2014 – 2015 . . . a census designated place . . .

http://www.mountainhousecsd.org/finance_docs/14-15BudgetFinal.pdf

EXCERPT:

About Mountain House

The Mountain House area was originally inhabited by the American Indian Cholbon tribelet of the Northern Valley Yokuts. The tribelet’s territory extended westward along Old River to just west of Bethany. In the late 18th century the Spanish explorers led by Juan Bautista de Anza, traveled from the San Francisco Bay to the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta. The Spanish never settled in this region and the land was mostly used for agriculture and stopping off points for transportation and trade.

The name Mountain House originates from the Gold Rush era. When miners traveled from San Francisco to the Sierra foothills, they often rested about midway at a house called “Mountain House” at the bottom of a range of hills. The first Mountain House structure took the form of a blue tent and was built in 1849 by Thomas Goodall. With the help of American Indians, Goodall built an adobe house on the site where Mountain House became a rest stop for miners, stockmen, rancheros and immigrants. Simon Zimmerman purchased the stop and through his hard work Mountain House became a famous way station on the road to Stockton.

In 1940, the last remaining structure of Bethany, the Bethany Post Office was torn down. Since then, the land in the Mountain House area has primarily been used for agriculture.

In the mid-1980’s, the process of creating Mountain House was started as an idea. It took until 1994 when the County Board of Supervisors approved that Mountain House would be included in the San Joaquin General Plan. In 1996 the Mountain House Community Services District was formed.

The Mountain House Community Service District’s Sphere of Influence covers an area of 4,784 acres or almost 7.5 square miles. The current Master Plan for Mountain House envisions a community with 12 separate neighborhoods (“villages”) plus a Town Center that will provide approximately 21,000 jobs, approximately 16,000 dwelling units for a population of over 44,000 people.

In 1991, SunChase Holdings acquired most of the land that would become Mountain House as an assemblage of optioned parcels. The Final Environmental Impact Report (EIR) was certified for the Mountain House project in March 1992; however, Mountain House was not added to San Joaquin County General Plan at that time by the Board of Supervisors.

In February 1993, the San Joaquin County’s Board of Supervisors certified the EIR and finally included the proposed Mountain House community in the San Joaquin County General Plan. Mountain House was intended to be added as an amendment to the San Joaquin County General Plan 1995. The master developer was required to help form the Community Services District in 1996 which would be the municipal government within the Mountain House jurisdiction.

The master developer proceeded to secure all necessary local, state and federal entitlements and permits in order to break ground and begin construction in 2001. The first residents of Mountain House bought their homes and moved to Mountain House in June 2003.

By 2008, there were over 1,000 registered voters in Mountain House which was the number required to hold an election deciding the independence of the Community Services District from San Joaquin County Board of Supervisors. In November 2008, Mountain House residents voted to have a locally elected Board of Directors; and, five (5) of eighteen (18) candidates were elected to serve on the first Board of Directors. They were: Matthew Balzarini, James Lamb, Eric Payne, Andy Su, and Bernice K. Tingle. The locally elected members of the Board of Directors were sworn into office in December 2008.

District Authority

The Mountain House Community Services District is a political subdivision of the State of California, formed in 1996, in accordance with the Community District Services Law in Government Code Section 61000. When created, the Local Agency Formation Commission granted the District the following eighteen (18) separate governmental powers to exercise within the boundaries of the district:

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  1. Water services.
  2. Sewer services.
  3. Garbage services.
  4. Fire protection.
  5. Public recreation.
  6. Street lighting.
  7. Library buildings and services.
  8. Convert utilities to underground.
  9. Police protection.
  1. Road maintenance.
  2. Transportation services.
  3. Graffiti abatement.
  4. CC&R enforcement.
  5. Flood control protection.
  6. Pest and weed abatement.
  7. Wildlife habitat mitigation.
  8. Telecommunications services.
  9. Dissemination of information.

    District Authority cont.

    In addition, the District has the following general powers: sue and be sued; purchase, receive by gift or bequest and hold land, make contracts and purchases and hold personal property necessary to the exercise of its powers, manage, sell, lease, or otherwise dispose of its property as the interest of its inhabitants require; levy and collect taxes authorized by law and exercise such other and further powers as may be especially conferred by law or as may be necessarily implied from those expressed. All services outside of the 18 enumerated powers are performed either by San Joaquin County or the State of California.

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    Mountain House District Geography

    The Mountain House Community Services District is located in the west area of San Joaquin County, approximately 61 miles southeast of San Francisco, 52 miles east of Oakland, 51 miles northeast of San Jose, and 76.5 southwest of Sacramento. The District occupies 7.5 square miles.

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The Board of Directors

The members of the Board of Directors are elected by the voters to serve overlapping four-year terms. The President and Vice President are elected by the Board for a one year term. The Board of Directors sets policy and exercises the legislative authority of the District. By Resolution MMV111-5, the Board of Directors holds meetings on the second Wednesday of every month and at other times as, in the opinion of Board, the public interest may require. The current Board of Directors members and the dates upon which their respective terms expire are as follows:

President: Steven Gutierrez, November 2014
Vice President: Bernice K. Tingle, November 2016 Director: Celeste Farron, November 2014 Director: Jim Lamb, November 2016
Director: Andy K. Su, November 2016

Administration and Management

The Mountain House Community Services District is a Board-Manager form of government. The Board of Directors appoints the General Manager who appoints all other District personnel. The General Manager is charged with overseeing the District’s daily operations. Board appointed Committees assist the Board of Directors in carrying out various aspects and functions of the District.

Aerial picture of Mountain House Community Services District

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Demographics

Land Area ………………………………………………………………………..7.5 square miles

Population1 2012……………………………………………………………………………………..10,984

Population by Gender2 Female……………………………………………………………………………………52.3% Male………………………………………………………………………………………47.7%

Population by Age Group2
Under 14 years……………………………………………………………………………30.1% 15 to 24 years………………………………………………………………………………10.9% 25 to 44 years ……………………………………………………………………………….36% 45 to 59 years …………………………………………………………………………….17.2% 60 to 74 years……………………………………………………………………………….5.6% 75 years and over ………………………………………………………………………….0.2%

Median Age: 30.6

1 State of California, Department of Finance estimates.
2 US Census Bureau, 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-year estimates

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