Author Archives: ADMIN

WATER RATIONING – by Water Metering . . . and more smart city frequencies of death!

Excerpt – out of link below:

PHILADELPHIA–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Comcast’s Internet of Things (IoT) service, machineQ™, and water technology company, Neptune Technology Group, today announced they have collaborated on an IoT solution designed to accelerate Smart City projects focused on advanced water metering and infrastructure (AMI). The solution, available today, combines machineQ’s LoRaWAN network and connectivity platform, with Neptune® LoRa®-enabled water meters and sensors, to offer water utilities and municipalities a new connectivity option to wirelessly gather data about their critical infrastructure, and in turn, maximize their workforce and boost sustainability efforts.

“Cities and municipalities are no longer delaying their Smart City programs based on the promise of future network technologies because they see the tremendous cost savings and efficiencies they can realize today from a broad range of existing IoT solutions, from trusted providers like Neptune, that are capable of leveraging the machineQ cloud-based IoT network and platform services,” said Alex Khorram, General Manager of machineQ. “We can deploy and manage a dense IoT network tailored to the unique needs of any organization very efficiently, so they can focus their resources delivering the best service possible to their end customers.”

“Water utilities can build on the smart water investments they already have using Neptune’s R900® Network-as-a-Service (NaaS) technology,” said Chuck Brunson, Vice President of Marketing, Neptune. “It’s the first LoRa Alliance certified solution for water AMI networks. This technology relieves the AMI infrastructure burden of costs, frustrations, and maintenance for our utility customers.”

The machineQ and Neptune solution enables utilities and municipalities to make the leap from manual meter monitoring systems that require employees to visit the hard to reach areas where water infrastructure is located, to an advanced system that wirelessly sends data to the cloud and can be monitored remotely. These new capabilities enable budget-conscious cities and utilities to redeploy employee resources to maximize their talents, and to harness the IoT data they’ve collected to deliver water to residential and commercial customers more efficiently and with less waste.

“The LoRa technology is operating seamlessly with the system we have deployed,” said Jason Jay, Programs Manager for Columbus (Georgia) Water Works. “We are excited about this easy migration path to a high-performance AMI system that Neptune is providing us.”

Western Municipal Water District in Riverside, California, is also deploying Neptune’s R900 technology combined with the machineQ network. “It’s designed to provide us with the meter data we require to effectively manage our system without having to install or maintain the network, allowing our people to focus on their day to day critical functions,” said Kevin Mascaro, Director of Finance.

WATER ALERT! Global High-Level Panel on Water and Peace – Secretariat | Geneva Water Hub

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The Global High-Level Panel on Water and Peace was launched on 16 November 2015 in Geneva with the task of developing a set of proposals aimed at strengthening the global framework to prevent and resolve water-related conflicts, and facilitate the use of water as an important factor of building peace and enhancing the relevance of water issues in national and global policy making.

Access to the private area

15 countries have co-convened the Panel: Cambodia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Estonia, France, Ghana, Hungary, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Morocco, Oman, Senegal, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland.

The issue of “Water and Peace” has many facets. The Panel was asked to focus on four main themes:

  • Identify legal, economic, financial and institutional mechanisms to incentivize multi-sectoral and transboundary water cooperation;
  • Examine how to cope with and prevent water-related conflicts, namely transboundary and inter-sectoral — possibly exploring potential mechanisms to promote hydro-diplomacy;
  • Promote effective implementation of the global water conventions;
  • Promote best practices in water cooperation.

Panel Members are serving in their individual capacity. The Panel is independent and is tasked with outlining concrete proposals and recommendations to enable water to be an instrument of peace. These proposals will be non-binding and will address policy issues at all levels (global, regional, national and local). The Panel will not however make any country specific recommendations.

While the Panel is entirely independent, it has worked in close cooperation with relevant stakeholders, notably with the UN which is represented in the Panel through UN-Water as observer and which is involved in all sessions.

The Panel has met four times: in Geneva, Switzerland, in Dakar, Senegal, in San José, Costa Rica and in Amman, Jordan. Each time, it has met with regional experts in order to feed its reflection.

The Geneva Water Hub acts as Secretariat of the Panel. The Strategic Foresight Group, a think tank based in Mumbai, supports the work of the Panel.

In September 2017 there will be the launching of the Panel’s Report in Geneva and in New York. The Report will then be presented in regional events all around the world and at the 2018 World Water Forum in Brasilia.

14 September 2017 Panel Report Launch in Geneva Photo Gallery

The Members of the Global High-Level Panel on Water and Peace


Prof. Danilo Türk, nominated by the Republic of Slovenia

Served as the third President of the Republic of Slovenia (2007-2012).

Currently Emeritus Professor of International Law, University in Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Prof Türk had a rich and varied career as an academic, as a diplomat and as UN official. In the years 1984-1992, he wrote several UN reports on human rights. In the years 1992-2000 he was Ambassador, Permanent representative of Slovenia to the UN in New York. He served on the UN Security Council in 1998-1999 and was President of the Security Council twice. Between 2000-2005, he served as UN Assistant Secretary-General for Political Affairs, at the invitation of Mr. Kofi Annan, then UN Secretary-General. In that period he worked on a variety of diplomatic projects of the UN, including in the field of preventive diplomacy. In the year 2016 he was a candidate for the post of UN Secretary-General. His genuine commitment as Chairman of the Global High-Level Panel on Water and Peace (2015-2017) was key to the success of the work of the Panel.

Vice Chairs

H.E. Mr. Mansour Faye, nominated by the Republic of Senegal

Minister of Hydraulics and Sanitation of the Republic of Senegal since July 2014.

Mayor of the city of Saint-Louis that is located at the mouth of the Senegal River.

Under Mr. Faye’s tenure, Senegal reached the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for drinking water and sanitation. He was one of the architects of the first public debate on “Water, Peace and Security” launched by Senegal during his presidency of the United Nations Security Council in November 2016. This debate led the Council to reflect on the ways making water a means of international cooperation rather than a “vector of conflict”. He was member of the Organizations for the Development of the Senegal River (OMVS) and for the Development the Gambia River Basin (OMVG). He also chaired the African Ministers’ Council on Water (AMCOW) from 2014 to 2016 and he currently chairs the African Water Facility (AWF).

Dr Alvaro Umaña Quesada, nominated by the Republic of Costa Rica

First Minister of Energy and Environment of Costa Rica (1986-1990).

Currently co-chairs Climate Transparency, an organization dedicated to monitor and rate country progress toward compliance of the Paris Climate Accords.

With an academic background in environmental science and engineering as well as economics, Dr Alvaro Umaña has a long relation with United Nations institutions including having been a member of the Executive Board of UNESCO, Chairman of the World Bank Inspection Panel, Leader of the UNDP Energy and Environment Group, and representative of Central America on the Board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Members (by order of nomination by co-convening country)

Prof Laurence Boisson de Chazournes, nominated by Switzerland

Professor at the Law Faculty at the University of Geneva.

Expert and advisor to various States, International Organizations, associations and foundations.

As an academic and a practitioner, Laurence Boisson de Chazournes has been a renowned expert who has worked in different regions of the world for many years. She has contributed to the strengthening of the Organization for the Development of the River Senegal (OMVS) and to the negotiation of the agreement on the River Nile. She has also served as an arbitrator in an Indus Waters dispute and is an advocate in international litigation involving rivers in Latin America.

Dr Claudia Patricia Mora, nominated by the Republic of Colombia

Former Vice Minister of Water and Sanitation of the Republic of Colombia.

Currently Partner and head of the Environmental Law Department at the Pinilla, González and Pieto Abogados Law Firm.

Claudia Mora is a lawyer by profession with wide experience in environmental law as well as public utilities regulation. Claudia was Superintendent of Public Services for Drinking Water and Sanitation. Under her leadership, important environmental regulations and policies were issued such as the National Water Policy (National Policy for the Integral Management of the Water Resource – 2010).

Dr Pascual Fernandez, nominated by Spain

Former State Secretary for Water and Seashore of Spain.

Currently Professor of Applied economics in the field of environment at the Juan Carlos I University of Madrid.

He has served in his country as General Director of Taxes in the Regions of Castilla and León and in Madrid. He is author of 11 books and several research papers in applied economic. Actually is the Dean and Chairman of the Madrid Economists Association.

Professeur Andras Szöllösi-Nagy, nominated by the Republic of Hungary

Former Rector for the UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education in Delft from 2009 to 2014.

Currently professor of Sustainable Water Management at the National University of Public Service in Hungary.

Dr András Szöllösi-Nagy has 30+ years of experience in water resource management; In addition to many years of research and teaching, he served for 20 years as Secretary of UNESCO’s International Hydrological Programme (IHP) where he was instrumental in initiating and launching the UN World Water Assessment Programme (WWAP). He is a founding member of the World Water Council (WWC).

His Royal Highness Prince Hassan bin Talal of the Hashemite Kingdom Of Jordan, nominated by the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

Chairs the United Nations Secretary General’s Advisory Board on Water and Sanitation (UNSGAB).

His Royal Highness Prince El Hassan bin Talal has chaired the Independent Commission on International Humanitarian Issues, and contributed to their report “Winning the Human Race”; which addresses issues such as man against man, man against nature and natural disasters. HRH also chairs the Strategic Foresight Group’s initiative called Blue Peace which focusses on water’s key role in all areas of security.

Mr. Yerlan Nysanbayev, nominated by Kazakhstan

Vice Minister of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Vice Minister of the Environmental Protection in the Republic of Kazakhstan since 2013.

Hon. Mike Hammah, nominated by the Republic of Ghana

Former Minister for Land and Natural Resources of the Republic of Ghana.

It is with his long political experience and knowledge of the private sector that Hon Mike Hammah has contributed to the work of the Panel. Mr. Hon Mike Hammah is a politician and a professional quantity surveyor. He has held many positions in the Ghanaian political space including during sixteen years as member of the Ghanaian parliament (for Effutu constituency) and for 12 years as deputy Minister for roads and transport, Minister for transport and Minister for lands and natural resources. He is currently a construction cost consultant and a risk management consultant.

Mr. Ciaran O’Cuinn, nominated by the Sultanate of Oman

Center Director of the Middle East Desalinization Research Center of the Sultanate of Oman since 2013.

From 2002 to 2011, Mr. Ciaran O’Cuinn has acted as Special Advisor to the Minister at the Department of Communications, Energy and Natural Resources, at the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade and finally at the Department of Justice and Equality of the Republic of Ireland. He has then served as Executive Director of External and Strategic Affairs at the Dublin City University. Since 2013, he is the Center Director of the MEDRC of the Sultanate of Oman, a unique international organization that works to build solutions to fresh water scarcity across borders and divisions.

Dr Andres Tarand, nominated by Estonia

Former Prime Minister of the Republic of Estonia.

With an academic background of climatologist and researcher, Andres Tarand had led the negotiations between Russia and Estonia for the demarcation of the border which is mainly in courses of rivers and lakes. He has also been a Member of the Estonian Parliament as well as a Member of the European Parliament for the Social Democratic Party. He has been involved in various organizations with environmental and sustainable development concerns, such as the Estonian Geographical Association, the Estonian Institute for Sustainable Development, the Stockholm Environment Institute, the Estonian Nature Fund, and Globe International Europe.

H.E. Mr. Thor Chetha, appointed by Cambodia

State Secretary of the Minister of Water Resources and Meteorology of the Kingdom of Cambodia since 2013.

Currently State Secretary of the Minister of Water Resources and Meteorology.

H.E Thor Chetha earned a Masters Degree in Political Science and Bachelor Degree in public law. He also earned High diploma in the field of Public Leadership, Administration and Good Governance from Nanyang University, Singapore, received high certificate in the field of Commerce Policy Development for GMS from Singapore and attained Diploma in the field of Mine Management from the United States. He has been assigned to be a co-chairman for the CAVAC II (Cambodia Agricultural Value Chain Program).

Mr. Franck Galland, nominated by France

Founder and CEO of Environmental Emergency and Security Services for the French Republic since 2010.

Mr. Galland is currently considered as one of the leading French expert in strategic and security issues related to water. He also made extensive research on the vulnerabilities of critical infrastructures such as water supply systems. He is the author of three well-received books and about fifty research papers published in reviews of international relations and defense. As a background, he spent 20 years working in the water industry and is currently the CEO of an engineering firm specialized in resiliency and contingency planning for utilities. Mr. Galland is also a reserve officer (rank : Lt-Colonel) serving as a water expert for the French Ministry of Defense.

Mr. Abdelaaziz Ameziane, nominated by Morocco

Project manager and adviser to the General Secretariat of the Ministry of Water

General Engineer and reserve officer, Mr. Ameziane is one of the leading Moroccan experts in the field of water resources, including on regulatory and institutional aspects. With 30 years of experience in water research and management, including during periods of conflicts, he contributed to the development of the national water strategy and leaded several reforms of the water sector in Morocco, notably on the aspects related to intersectorial conflicts.

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Co-convening countries supporting quotes (alphabetic quote author)

Mr Karl Erjavec

Minister of Foreign Affairs of Slovenia

“Water is a source of life and prosperity. It should never be a source of division.”

Mr Siim Kiisler

Minister of Environment of Estonia

“Effective transboundary water cooperation, including timely and credible information exchange, is an important basis for conflict prevention.”

Mr Yerlan Nysanbayev

Vice Minister of Agriculture and of the Environmental Protection of the Republic of Kazakhstan

“Peace and security through water cooperation.”

Mr Macky Sall

President of Senegal

“Water is a source of life and well-being when its use calls upon cooperative spirit and sharing.”

H.E. Mr Ney Samol

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Permanent Representative of the Kingdom of Cambodia to the United Nations Office and other international organizations in Geneva.

“Cambodia people live in harmony with nature, thanks to abundant natural water system, government’s policy and political stability.”

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Input documents to the reflection of the Panel

Geneva Water Hub Think Tank roundtables reports

  1. 20 March 2017 – Round Table – “Data for Water, Peace and Security”.
  2. 28 February 2017 – Round Table – “Hydro-Diplomacy for Water, Peace and Security”.
  3. 27 February 2017 – Round Table – “Financing Incentives for Water Cooperation”.
  4. 3 February 2017 – Round Table – “Refugees and Access to Water: Challenges and Responses”.
  5. 1 November 2016 – Round Table – “Intersectoriality and Conflicts”.
  6. 26 October 2016 – Round Table – “Promoting the Effectiveness of International Water Law in Support of Security and Peace”.
  7. 14 June 2016 – Round Table – “Protection of Water During and After Armed Conflicts”.
  8. 24 September 2015 – Round Table – “Cooperation and Benefit Sharing in the Senegal and Niger River Basins”.

Documents of the Strategic Foresight Group (SFG)

  1. Recommendations from the SFG to the Global High-Level Panel on Water and Peace


  1. Bolognesi T., Bréthaut Ch., Sangbana K., & Tignino M. (2016). Transboundary governance in the Senegal and Niger river basins: historical analysis and overview of the status of common facilities and benefit sharing arrangements.
  2. Pohl, B., & Kramer, A. (2016). Investing in basins of risk: What elements should a putative code of conduct for business operating in basins at risk include? (Discussion Note). Geneva Water Hub.
  3. Pohl, B., & Kramer, A. (2016). Sharing benefits in shared basins: What are the opportunities of and experiences with benefit-sharing in transboundary basins? (Discussion Note). Geneva Water Hub.

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Water and Peace Symphony

By the time the Panel’s messages and recommendations are finalized, they will also be conveyed in the universal language of music. Indeed, a unique and particularly inspiring feature of the Panel’s work is that it will be accompanied and enriched by musicians from around the world. The result will be an original symphony for Water & Peace, composed progressively as the Panel convenes in different continents. Upon completion, the symphony is intended to become a powerful symbol and inspiration for all efforts to make water a source of cooperation and peace.

More information and music can be found here.

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Hell Froze Over As Argentina Embargoes Chevron’s $2 Billion In Assets ~ The Chevron Pit – Contaminated the Rain Forest

Hell Froze Over As Argentina Embargoes Chevron’s $2 Billion In Assets ~ The Chevron Pit – Contaminated the Rain Forest


Posted on Thursday, November 08, 2012
Yesterday, hell froze over when an Argentine court embargoed or, in effect, froze up to potentially $19 billion in Chevron assets in the South American country.

Now it’s time to fight it out on the ice.

Chevron, which now has about $2 billion in assets in Argentina, has sworn it will never pay a dime to cleanup the contamination it left behind in the Ecuadorian rainforest. Said former General Counsel Charles James: “Not till hell freezes over, and then we will fight it out on the ice.”

Chevron has defied Ecuador’s courts, refusing to pay an enforceable $19 billion judgment and forcing the Ecuadorians to file lawsuits to seize assets in Ecuador, Brazil, Canada and Argentina to obtain the damage award for one of the world’s largest oil-related environmental disasters.


CALIFORNIA Drought – CONTINUED STATE OF EMERGENCY – Executive Order pdf . . .


WHEREAS on January 17, 2014, I proclaimed a State of Emergency to exist throughout the State of California due to severe drought conditions; and

WHEREAS on April 25, 2014, I proclaimed a Continued State of Emergency to exist throughout the State of California due to the ongoing drought; and

WHEREAS California’s water supplies continue to be severely depleted despite a limited amount of rain and snowfall this winter, with record low snowpack in the Sierra Nevada mountains, decreased water levels in most of California’s reservoirs, reduced flows in the state’s rivers and shrinking supplies in underground water basins; and

WHEREAS the severe drought conditions continue to present urgent challenges including: drinking water shortages in communities across the state, diminished water for agricultural production, degraded habitat for many fish and wildlife species, increased wildfire risk, and the threat of saltwater contamination to fresh water suppliesin the Sacramento-San Joaquin Bay Delta; and

WHEREAS a distinct possibility exists that the current drought will stretch into a fifth straight year in 2016 and beyond; and

WHEREAS new expedited actions are needed to reduce the harmful impacts from water shortages and other impacts of the drought; and

WHEREAS the magnitude of the severe drought conditions continues to present threats beyond the control of the services, personnel, equipment, and facilities of any single local government and require the combined forces of a mutual aid region or regions to combat; and

WHEREAS under the provisions of section 8558(b) of the Government Code, I find that conditions of extreme peril to the safety of persons and property continue to exist in California due to water shortage and drought conditions with which local authority is unable to cope; and

WHEREAS under the provisions of section 8571 of the California Government Code, I find that strict compliance with various statutes and regulations specified in this order would prevent, hinder, or delay the mitigation of the effects of the drought.

NOW, THEREFORE, I, EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor of the State of California, in accordance with the authority vested in me by the Constitution and statutes of the State of California, in particular Government Code sections 8567 and 8571 of the California Government Code, do hereby issue this Executive Order, effective immediately.


1. The orders and provisions contained in my January 17, 2014 Proclamation, my April 25, 2014 Proclamation, and Executive Orders B-26-14 and B-28-14 remain in full force and effect except as modified herein.


  1. The State Water Resources Control Board (Water Board) shall impose restrictions to achieve a statewide 25% reduction in potable urban water usage through February 28, 2016. These restrictions will require water suppliers to California’s cities and towns to reduce usage as compared to the amount used in 2013. These restrictions should consider the relative per capita water usage of each water suppliers’ service area, and require that those areas with high per capita use achieve proportionally greater reductions than those with low use. The California Public Utilities Commission is requested to take similar action with respect to investor-owned utilities providing water services.
  2. The Department of Water Resources (the Department) shall lead a statewide initiative, in partnership with local agencies, to collectively replace 50 million square feet of lawns and ornamental turf with drought tolerant landscapes. The Department shall provide funding to allow for lawn replacement programs in underserved communities, which will complement local programs already underway across the state.
  3. The California Energy Commission, jointly with the Department and the Water Board, shall implement a time-limited statewide appliance rebate program to provide monetary incentives for the replacement of inefficient household devices.
  4. The Water Board shall impose restrictions to require that commercial, industrial, and institutional properties, such as campuses, golf courses, and cemeteries, immediately implement water efficiency measures to reduce potable water usage in an amount consistent with the reduction targets · ·· · mandated by Directive 2 of this Executive Order.
  5. The Water Board shall prohibit irrigation with potable water of ornamental turf on public street medians.
  6. The Water Board shall prohibit irrigation with potable water outside of newly constructed homes and buildings that is not delivered by drip or microspray systems.

    8. The Water Board shall direct urban water suppliers to develop rate structures and other pricing mechanisms, including but not limited to surcharges, fees, and penalties, to maximize water conservation consistent with statewide water restrictions. The Water Board is directed to adopt emergency regulations, as it deems necessary, pursuant to Water Code section 1058.5 to implement this directive. The Water Board is further directed to work with state agencies and water suppliers to identify mechanisms that would encourage and facilitate the adoption of rate structures and other pricing mechanisms that promote water conservation. The California Public Utilities Commission is requested to take similar action with respect to investor-owned utilities providing water services.


    9. The Water Board shall require urban water suppliers to provide monthly information on water usage, conservation, and enforcement on a permanent basis.

    10. The Water Board shall require frequent reporting of water diversion and use
    by water right holders, conduct inspections to determine whether illegal diversions or wasteful and unreasonable use of water are occurring, and bring enforcement actions against illegal diverters and those engaging in the
    wasteful and unreasonable use of water. Pursuant to Government Code sections 8570 and 8627, the Water Board is granted authority to inspect
    property or diversion facilities to ascertain compliance-with water rights laws
    and regulations where there is cause to believe such laws and regulations
    have been violated. When access is not granted by a property owner, the
    Water Board may obtain an inspection warrant pursuant to the procedures set 1 forth in Title 13 (commencing with section 1822.50) of Part 3 of the Code of

    Civil Procedure for the purposes of conducting an inspection pursuant to this directive .

    11. The Department shall update the State Model Water Efficient Landscape Ordinance through expedited regulation. This updated Ordinance shall increase water efficiency standards for new and existing landscapes through more efficient irrigation systems, greywater usage, onsite storm water capture, and by limiting the portion of landscapes that can be covered in turf. It will also require reporting on the implementation and enforcement of local ordinances, with required reports due by December 31, 2015. The Department shall provide information on local compliance to the Water Board, which shall consider adopting regulations or taking appropriate enforcement actions to promote compliance. The Department shall provide technical assistance and give priority in grant funding to public agencies for actions necessary to comply with local ordinances.

    12. Agricultural water suppliers that supply water to more than 25,000 acres shall include in their required 2015 Agricultural Water Management Plans a detailed drought management plan that describes. the actions and measures the supplier will take to manage water demand during drought. The Department shall require those plans to include quantification of water supplies and demands for 2013, 2014, and 2015 to the extent data is available. The Department will provide technical assistance to water suppliersinpreparingtheplans.

    13. Agricultural water suppliers that supply water to 10,000 to 25,000 acres of irrigated lands shall develop Agricultural Water Management Plans and submit the plans to the Department by July 1, 2016. These plans shall include a detailed drought management plan and quantification of water supplies and demands in2013, 2014, and 2015, to the extent that data is available. The Department shall give priority in grant funding to agricultural water suppliers that supply water to 10,000 to 25,000 acres of land for development and implementation of Agricultural Water Management Plans.

    1. The Department shall report to Water Board on the status of the Agricultural Water Management Plan submittals within one month of receipt of those reports.
    2. Local water agencies in high and medium priority groundwater basins shall immediately implement all requirements of the California Statewide Groundwater Elevation Monitoring Program pursuant to Water Code section 10933. The Department shall refer noncompliant local water agencies within high and medium priority groundwater basins to the Water Board by December 31, 2015, which shall consider adopting regulations or taking appropriate enforcement to promote compliance.
    3. The California Energy Commission shall adopt emergency regulations establishing standards that improve the efficiency of water appliances, including toilets, urinals, and faucets available for sale and installation in new and existing buildings.


    17. The California Energy Commission, jointly with the Department and the Water Board, shall implement a Water Energy Technology (WET) program to deploy innovative water management technologies for businesses, residents, industries, and agriculture. This program will achieve water and energy savings and greenhouse gas reductions by accelerating use of cutting-edge technologies such as renewable energy-powered desalination, integrated on- site reuse systems, water-use monitoring software, irrigation system timing and precision technology, and on-farm precision technology.


    18. The Office of Emergency Services and the Department of Housing and Community Development shall work jointly with counties to provide temporary assistance for persons moving from housing units due to a lack of potable water who are served by a private well or water utility with less than 15 connections, and where all reasonable attempts to find a potable water source have been exhausted.

    19. State permitting agencies shall prioritize review and approval of water infrastructure projects and programs that increase local water supplies, including water recycling facilities, reservoir improvement projects, surface water treatment plants, desalination plants, stormwater capture, and greywater systems. Agencies shall report to the Governor’s Office on applications that have been pending for longer than 90 days.

    1. The Department shall take actions required to plan and, if necessary, implement Emergency Drought Salinity Barriers in coordination and consultation with the Water Board and the Department of Fish and Wildlife at locations within the Sacramento- San Joaquin delta estuary. These barriers will be designed to conserve water for use later in the year to meet state and federal Endangered Species Act requirements, preserve to the extent possible water quality in the Delta, and retain water supply for essential human health and safety uses in 2015 and in the future.
    2. The Water Board and the Department of Fish and Wildlife shall immediately consider any necessary regulatory approvals for the purpose of installation of the Emergency Drought Salinity Barriers.
    3. The Department shall immediately consider voluntary crop idling water transfer and water exchange proposals of one year or less in duration that are initiated by local public agencies and approved in 2015 by the Department subject to the criteria set forth in Water Code section 1810.
    4. The Water Board will prioritize new and amended safe drinking water permits that enhance water supply and reliability for community water systems facing water shortages or that expand service connections to include existing residences facing water shortages. As the Department of Public Health’s drinking water program was transferred to the Water Board, any reference to the Department of Public Health in any prior Proclamation or Executive Order

      listed in Paragraph 1 is deemed to refer to the Water Board.

    5. The California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection shall launch a public information campaign to educate the public on actions they can take to help to prevent wildfires including the proper treatment of dead and dying trees. Pursuant to Government Code section 8645, $1 .2 million from the State Responsibility Area Fire Prevention Fund (Fund 3063) shall be allocated to the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection to carry out this directive.
    6. The Energy Commission shall expedite the processing of all applications or petitions for amendments to power plant certifications issued by the Energy Commission for the purpose of securing alternate water supply necessary for continued power plant operation. Title 20, section 1769 of the California Code of Regulations is hereby waived for any such petition, and the Energy Commission is authorized to create and implement an alternative process to consider such petitions. This process may delegate amendment approval authority, as appropriate, to the Energy Commission Executive Director. The Energy Commission shall give timely notice to all relevant local, regional, and state agencies of any petition subject to this directive, and shall post on its website any such petition.


      For purposes of carrying out directives 2-9, 11, 16-17, 20-23, and 25, Division 13 (commencing with section 21 000) of the Public Resources Code and regulations adopted pursuant to that Division are hereby
      suspended. This suspension applies to any actions taken by state agencies, and for actions taken by local agencies where the state agency with primary responsibility for implementing the directive concurs that local action is required, as well as for any necessary permits or approvals required to complete these actions. This suspension, and those specified in paragraph 9 of the January 17, 2014 Proclamation, paragraph 19 of the April 25, 2014 proclamation, and paragraph 4 of Executive Order B-26-14, shall remain in effect until May 31, 2016. Drought relief actions taken pursuant to these paragraphs that are started prior to May 31, 2016, but not completed, shall not be subject to Division 13 (commencing with section 21 000) of the Public Resources Code for the time required to complete them.

      For purposes of carrying out directives 20 and 21, section 13247 and Chapter 3 of Part 3 (commencing with section 85225) of the Water Code are suspended.

      For actions called for in this proclamation in directive 20, the Department shall exercise any authority vested in the Central Valley Flood Protection Board, as codified in Water Code section 8521, et seq., that is necessary to enable these urgent actions to be taken more quickly than otherwise possible. The Director of the Department of Water Resources is specifically authorized, on behalf of the State of California, to request that the Secretary of the Army, on the recommendation of the Chief of Engineers of the Army Corps of Engineers, grant any permission required pursuant to section 14 of the Rivers and Harbors Act of 1899 and codified in section 48 of title 33 of the United States Code.

      The Department is directed to enter into agreements with landowners for the purposes of planning and installation of the Emergency Drought Barriers in2015 to the extent necessary to accommodate access to barrier locations, land-side and water-side construction, and materials staging in proximity to barrier locations. Where the Department is unable to reach an agreement with landowners, the Department may exercise the full authority of Government Code section 8572. ·

      For purposes of this Executive Order, chapter 3.5 (commencing with section 11340) of part 1 of division 3 of the Government Code and chapter 5 (commencing with section 25400) of division 15 of the Public Resources Code are suspended for the development and adoption of regulations or guidelines needed to carry out the provisions in this Order. Any entity issuing regulations or guidelines pursuant to this directive shall conduct a public .meeting on the regulations and guidelines prior to adopting them.

      31. In order to ensure that equipment and services necessary for drought response can be procured quickly, the provisions of the Government Code and the Public Contract Code applicable to state contracts, including, but not limited to, advertising and competitive bidding requirements, are hereby suspended for directives 17, 20, and 24. Approval by the Department of Finance is required prior to the execution of any contract entered into pursuant to these directives.

      This Executive Order is not intended to, and does not, create any rights or benefits, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity, against the State of California, its agencies, departments, entities, officers, employees, or any other person.

      I FURTHER DIRECT that as soon as hereafter possible, this Order be filed in the Office of the Secretary of State and that widespread publicity and notice be given to this Order.

      IN WITNESS WHEREOF I have hereunto set my hand and caused the Great Seal of the State of California to be affixed this 151 day of April2015. ·

      EDMUND G. BROWN JR. Governor of California

      A TTEST :

      ALEX PADILLA Secretary of State


WATER WARS: Ignoring Drought US To Divert Water to Mexico

On March 23, one percent of the flow of the Colorado River will be released into Mexico, to flow into the river delta and the Gulf of California as part of an experiment in environmental restoration over several months. The agreement, known as Minute 319, was signed between the U.S. and Mexico in late 2012 at the urging of groups like the Environmental Defense Fund. The transfer will occur despite intense drought in the southwestern U.S.

The Colorado River is a major source of water for farms and households in the southwest, including California. The language of the agreement provides for a five-year joint “pilot project” starting in 2013, and allows the delivery of Colorado River water “tentatively during 2014 but no later than 2016.”
It was possible, therefore, to delay the pilot project for at least two years, giving the region a chance to recover from drought. No such delay was made.

It has been more than half a century since the Colorado River flowed regularly to the delta.

The Environmental Defense Fund (NGO) has pushed back against criticism of the project’s timing. “Some may grumble that this is not the time to send water to the environment, but that objection ignores the broader context of the recent binational agreement and the many benefits it brings to both countries,” wrote Jennifer Pitt, director of the Fund’s Colorado River project.

Engineers will open the floodgates of the Morelos Dam, which straddles the border, and will do so again several times throughout the spring months to mimic the natural floods of the region, the Associated Press reports. The hope is not only to restore species habitat and the region’s natural water flow, but also to provide water that once sustained broader agriculture in the region, and build cooperation for future joint water management.