Excerpt – out of link below:
PHILADELPHIA–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Comcast’s Internet of Things (IoT) service, machineQ™, and water technology company, Neptune Technology Group, today announced they have collaborated on an IoT solution designed to accelerate Smart City projects focused on advanced water metering and infrastructure (AMI). The solution, available today, combines machineQ’s LoRaWAN™ network and connectivity platform, with Neptune® LoRa®-enabled water meters and sensors, to offer water utilities and municipalities a new connectivity option to wirelessly gather data about their critical infrastructure, and in turn, maximize their workforce and boost sustainability efforts.
“Cities and municipalities are no longer delaying their Smart City programs based on the promise of future network technologies because they see the tremendous cost savings and efficiencies they can realize today from a broad range of existing IoT solutions, from trusted providers like Neptune, that are capable of leveraging the machineQ cloud-based IoT network and platform services,” said Alex Khorram, General Manager of machineQ. “We can deploy and manage a dense IoT network tailored to the unique needs of any organization very efficiently, so they can focus their resources delivering the best service possible to their end customers.”
“Water utilities can build on the smart water investments they already have using Neptune’s R900® Network-as-a-Service (NaaS) technology,” said Chuck Brunson, Vice President of Marketing, Neptune. “It’s the first LoRa Alliance™ certified solution for water AMI networks. This technology relieves the AMI infrastructure burden of costs, frustrations, and maintenance for our utility customers.”
The machineQ and Neptune solution enables utilities and municipalities to make the leap from manual meter monitoring systems that require employees to visit the hard to reach areas where water infrastructure is located, to an advanced system that wirelessly sends data to the cloud and can be monitored remotely. These new capabilities enable budget-conscious cities and utilities to redeploy employee resources to maximize their talents, and to harness the IoT data they’ve collected to deliver water to residential and commercial customers more efficiently and with less waste.
“The LoRa technology is operating seamlessly with the system we have deployed,” said Jason Jay, Programs Manager for Columbus (Georgia) Water Works. “We are excited about this easy migration path to a high-performance AMI system that Neptune is providing us.”
Western Municipal Water District in Riverside, California, is also deploying Neptune’s R900 technology combined with the machineQ network. “It’s designed to provide us with the meter data we require to effectively manage our system without having to install or maintain the network, allowing our people to focus on their day to day critical functions,” said Kevin Mascaro, Director of Finance.
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The Global High-Level Panel on Water and Peace was launched on 16 November 2015 in Geneva with the task of developing a set of proposals aimed at strengthening the global framework to prevent and resolve water-related conflicts, and facilitate the use of water as an important factor of building peace and enhancing the relevance of water issues in national and global policy making.
15 countries have co-convened the Panel: Cambodia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Estonia, France, Ghana, Hungary, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Morocco, Oman, Senegal, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland.
The issue of “Water and Peace” has many facets. The Panel was asked to focus on four main themes:
- Identify legal, economic, financial and institutional mechanisms to incentivize multi-sectoral and transboundary water cooperation;
- Examine how to cope with and prevent water-related conflicts, namely transboundary and inter-sectoral — possibly exploring potential mechanisms to promote hydro-diplomacy;
- Promote effective implementation of the global water conventions;
- Promote best practices in water cooperation.
Panel Members are serving in their individual capacity. The Panel is independent and is tasked with outlining concrete proposals and recommendations to enable water to be an instrument of peace. These proposals will be non-binding and will address policy issues at all levels (global, regional, national and local). The Panel will not however make any country specific recommendations.
While the Panel is entirely independent, it has worked in close cooperation with relevant stakeholders, notably with the UN which is represented in the Panel through UN-Water as observer and which is involved in all sessions.
The Panel has met four times: in Geneva, Switzerland, in Dakar, Senegal, in San José, Costa Rica and in Amman, Jordan. Each time, it has met with regional experts in order to feed its reflection.
The Geneva Water Hub acts as Secretariat of the Panel. The Strategic Foresight Group, a think tank based in Mumbai, supports the work of the Panel.
In September 2017 there will be the launching of the Panel’s Report in Geneva and in New York. The Report will then be presented in regional events all around the world and at the 2018 World Water Forum in Brasilia.
14 September 2017 Panel Report Launch in Geneva Photo Gallery
The Members of the Global High-Level Panel on Water and Peace
Prof. Danilo Türk, nominated by the Republic of Slovenia
Served as the third President of the Republic of Slovenia (2007-2012).
Currently Emeritus Professor of International Law, University in Ljubljana, Slovenia.
Prof Türk had a rich and varied career as an academic, as a diplomat and as UN official. In the years 1984-1992, he wrote several UN reports on human rights. In the years 1992-2000 he was Ambassador, Permanent representative of Slovenia to the UN in New York. He served on the UN Security Council in 1998-1999 and was President of the Security Council twice. Between 2000-2005, he served as UN Assistant Secretary-General for Political Affairs, at the invitation of Mr. Kofi Annan, then UN Secretary-General. In that period he worked on a variety of diplomatic projects of the UN, including in the field of preventive diplomacy. In the year 2016 he was a candidate for the post of UN Secretary-General. His genuine commitment as Chairman of the Global High-Level Panel on Water and Peace (2015-2017) was key to the success of the work of the Panel.
H.E. Mr. Mansour Faye, nominated by the Republic of Senegal
Minister of Hydraulics and Sanitation of the Republic of Senegal since July 2014.
Mayor of the city of Saint-Louis that is located at the mouth of the Senegal River.
Under Mr. Faye’s tenure, Senegal reached the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for drinking water and sanitation. He was one of the architects of the first public debate on “Water, Peace and Security” launched by Senegal during his presidency of the United Nations Security Council in November 2016. This debate led the Council to reflect on the ways making water a means of international cooperation rather than a “vector of conflict”. He was member of the Organizations for the Development of the Senegal River (OMVS) and for the Development the Gambia River Basin (OMVG). He also chaired the African Ministers’ Council on Water (AMCOW) from 2014 to 2016 and he currently chairs the African Water Facility (AWF).
Dr Alvaro Umaña Quesada, nominated by the Republic of Costa Rica
First Minister of Energy and Environment of Costa Rica (1986-1990).
Currently co-chairs Climate Transparency, an organization dedicated to monitor and rate country progress toward compliance of the Paris Climate Accords.
With an academic background in environmental science and engineering as well as economics, Dr Alvaro Umaña has a long relation with United Nations institutions including having been a member of the Executive Board of UNESCO, Chairman of the World Bank Inspection Panel, Leader of the UNDP Energy and Environment Group, and representative of Central America on the Board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
Members (by order of nomination by co-convening country)
Prof Laurence Boisson de Chazournes, nominated by Switzerland
Professor at the Law Faculty at the University of Geneva.
Expert and advisor to various States, International Organizations, associations and foundations.
As an academic and a practitioner, Laurence Boisson de Chazournes has been a renowned expert who has worked in different regions of the world for many years. She has contributed to the strengthening of the Organization for the Development of the River Senegal (OMVS) and to the negotiation of the agreement on the River Nile. She has also served as an arbitrator in an Indus Waters dispute and is an advocate in international litigation involving rivers in Latin America.
Dr Claudia Patricia Mora, nominated by the Republic of Colombia
Former Vice Minister of Water and Sanitation of the Republic of Colombia.
Currently Partner and head of the Environmental Law Department at the Pinilla, González and Pieto Abogados Law Firm.
Claudia Mora is a lawyer by profession with wide experience in environmental law as well as public utilities regulation. Claudia was Superintendent of Public Services for Drinking Water and Sanitation. Under her leadership, important environmental regulations and policies were issued such as the National Water Policy (National Policy for the Integral Management of the Water Resource – 2010).
Dr Pascual Fernandez, nominated by Spain
Former State Secretary for Water and Seashore of Spain.
Currently Professor of Applied economics in the field of environment at the Juan Carlos I University of Madrid.
He has served in his country as General Director of Taxes in the Regions of Castilla and León and in Madrid. He is author of 11 books and several research papers in applied economic. Actually is the Dean and Chairman of the Madrid Economists Association.
Professeur Andras Szöllösi-Nagy, nominated by the Republic of Hungary
Former Rector for the UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education in Delft from 2009 to 2014.
Currently professor of Sustainable Water Management at the National University of Public Service in Hungary.
Dr András Szöllösi-Nagy has 30+ years of experience in water resource management; In addition to many years of research and teaching, he served for 20 years as Secretary of UNESCO’s International Hydrological Programme (IHP) where he was instrumental in initiating and launching the UN World Water Assessment Programme (WWAP). He is a founding member of the World Water Council (WWC).
His Royal Highness Prince Hassan bin Talal of the Hashemite Kingdom Of Jordan, nominated by the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Chairs the United Nations Secretary General’s Advisory Board on Water and Sanitation (UNSGAB).
His Royal Highness Prince El Hassan bin Talal has chaired the Independent Commission on International Humanitarian Issues, and contributed to their report “Winning the Human Race”; which addresses issues such as man against man, man against nature and natural disasters. HRH also chairs the Strategic Foresight Group’s initiative called Blue Peace which focusses on water’s key role in all areas of security.
Mr. Yerlan Nysanbayev, nominated by Kazakhstan
Vice Minister of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Vice Minister of the Environmental Protection in the Republic of Kazakhstan since 2013.
Hon. Mike Hammah, nominated by the Republic of Ghana
Former Minister for Land and Natural Resources of the Republic of Ghana.
It is with his long political experience and knowledge of the private sector that Hon Mike Hammah has contributed to the work of the Panel. Mr. Hon Mike Hammah is a politician and a professional quantity surveyor. He has held many positions in the Ghanaian political space including during sixteen years as member of the Ghanaian parliament (for Effutu constituency) and for 12 years as deputy Minister for roads and transport, Minister for transport and Minister for lands and natural resources. He is currently a construction cost consultant and a risk management consultant.
Mr. Ciaran O’Cuinn, nominated by the Sultanate of Oman
Center Director of the Middle East Desalinization Research Center of the Sultanate of Oman since 2013.
From 2002 to 2011, Mr. Ciaran O’Cuinn has acted as Special Advisor to the Minister at the Department of Communications, Energy and Natural Resources, at the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade and finally at the Department of Justice and Equality of the Republic of Ireland. He has then served as Executive Director of External and Strategic Affairs at the Dublin City University. Since 2013, he is the Center Director of the MEDRC of the Sultanate of Oman, a unique international organization that works to build solutions to fresh water scarcity across borders and divisions.
Dr Andres Tarand, nominated by Estonia
Former Prime Minister of the Republic of Estonia.
With an academic background of climatologist and researcher, Andres Tarand had led the negotiations between Russia and Estonia for the demarcation of the border which is mainly in courses of rivers and lakes. He has also been a Member of the Estonian Parliament as well as a Member of the European Parliament for the Social Democratic Party. He has been involved in various organizations with environmental and sustainable development concerns, such as the Estonian Geographical Association, the Estonian Institute for Sustainable Development, the Stockholm Environment Institute, the Estonian Nature Fund, and Globe International Europe.
H.E. Mr. Thor Chetha, appointed by Cambodia
State Secretary of the Minister of Water Resources and Meteorology of the Kingdom of Cambodia since 2013.
Currently State Secretary of the Minister of Water Resources and Meteorology.
H.E Thor Chetha earned a Masters Degree in Political Science and Bachelor Degree in public law. He also earned High diploma in the field of Public Leadership, Administration and Good Governance from Nanyang University, Singapore, received high certificate in the field of Commerce Policy Development for GMS from Singapore and attained Diploma in the field of Mine Management from the United States. He has been assigned to be a co-chairman for the CAVAC II (Cambodia Agricultural Value Chain Program).
Mr. Franck Galland, nominated by France
Founder and CEO of Environmental Emergency and Security Services for the French Republic since 2010.
Mr. Galland is currently considered as one of the leading French expert in strategic and security issues related to water. He also made extensive research on the vulnerabilities of critical infrastructures such as water supply systems. He is the author of three well-received books and about fifty research papers published in reviews of international relations and defense. As a background, he spent 20 years working in the water industry and is currently the CEO of an engineering firm specialized in resiliency and contingency planning for utilities. Mr. Galland is also a reserve officer (rank : Lt-Colonel) serving as a water expert for the French Ministry of Defense.
Mr. Abdelaaziz Ameziane, nominated by Morocco
Project manager and adviser to the General Secretariat of the Ministry of Water
General Engineer and reserve officer, Mr. Ameziane is one of the leading Moroccan experts in the field of water resources, including on regulatory and institutional aspects. With 30 years of experience in water research and management, including during periods of conflicts, he contributed to the development of the national water strategy and leaded several reforms of the water sector in Morocco, notably on the aspects related to intersectorial conflicts.
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Co-convening countries supporting quotes (alphabetic quote author)
Mr Karl Erjavec
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Slovenia
“Water is a source of life and prosperity. It should never be a source of division.”
Mr Siim Kiisler
Minister of Environment of Estonia
“Effective transboundary water cooperation, including timely and credible information exchange, is an important basis for conflict prevention.”
Mr Yerlan Nysanbayev
Vice Minister of Agriculture and of the Environmental Protection of the Republic of Kazakhstan
“Peace and security through water cooperation.”
Mr Macky Sall
President of Senegal
“Water is a source of life and well-being when its use calls upon cooperative spirit and sharing.”
H.E. Mr Ney Samol
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Permanent Representative of the Kingdom of Cambodia to the United Nations Office and other international organizations in Geneva.
“Cambodia people live in harmony with nature, thanks to abundant natural water system, government’s policy and political stability.”
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Input documents to the reflection of the Panel
Geneva Water Hub Think Tank roundtables reports
- 20 March 2017 – Round Table – “Data for Water, Peace and Security”.
- 28 February 2017 – Round Table – “Hydro-Diplomacy for Water, Peace and Security”.
- 27 February 2017 – Round Table – “Financing Incentives for Water Cooperation”.
- 3 February 2017 – Round Table – “Refugees and Access to Water: Challenges and Responses”.
- 1 November 2016 – Round Table – “Intersectoriality and Conflicts”.
- 26 October 2016 – Round Table – “Promoting the Effectiveness of International Water Law in Support of Security and Peace”.
- 14 June 2016 – Round Table – “Protection of Water During and After Armed Conflicts”.
- 24 September 2015 – Round Table – “Cooperation and Benefit Sharing in the Senegal and Niger River Basins”.
Documents of the Strategic Foresight Group (SFG)
- Bolognesi T., Bréthaut Ch., Sangbana K., & Tignino M. (2016). Transboundary governance in the Senegal and Niger river basins: historical analysis and overview of the status of common facilities and benefit sharing arrangements.
- Pohl, B., & Kramer, A. (2016). Investing in basins of risk: What elements should a putative code of conduct for business operating in basins at risk include? (Discussion Note). Geneva Water Hub.
- Pohl, B., & Kramer, A. (2016). Sharing benefits in shared basins: What are the opportunities of and experiences with benefit-sharing in transboundary basins? (Discussion Note). Geneva Water Hub.
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Water and Peace Symphony
By the time the Panel’s messages and recommendations are finalized, they will also be conveyed in the universal language of music. Indeed, a unique and particularly inspiring feature of the Panel’s work is that it will be accompanied and enriched by musicians from around the world. The result will be an original symphony for Water & Peace, composed progressively as the Panel convenes in different continents. Upon completion, the symphony is intended to become a powerful symbol and inspiration for all efforts to make water a source of cooperation and peace.
More information and music can be found here.
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Posted on Thursday, November 08, 2012
Yesterday, hell froze over when an Argentine court embargoed or, in effect, froze up to potentially $19 billion in Chevron assets in the South American country.
Now it’s time to fight it out on the ice.
Chevron, which now has about $2 billion in assets in Argentina, has sworn it will never pay a dime to cleanup the contamination it left behind in the Ecuadorian rainforest. Said former General Counsel Charles James: “Not till hell freezes over, and then we will fight it out on the ice.”
Chevron has defied Ecuador’s courts, refusing to pay an enforceable $19 billion judgment and forcing the Ecuadorians to file lawsuits to seize assets in Ecuador, Brazil, Canada and Argentina to obtain the damage award for one of the world’s largest oil-related environmental disasters.
EXECUTIVE ORDER B-29-15
WHEREAS on January 17, 2014, I proclaimed a State of Emergency to exist throughout the State of California due to severe drought conditions; and
WHEREAS on April 25, 2014, I proclaimed a Continued State of Emergency to exist throughout the State of California due to the ongoing drought; and
WHEREAS California’s water supplies continue to be severely depleted despite a limited amount of rain and snowfall this winter, with record low snowpack in the Sierra Nevada mountains, decreased water levels in most of California’s reservoirs, reduced flows in the state’s rivers and shrinking supplies in underground water basins; and
WHEREAS the severe drought conditions continue to present urgent challenges including: drinking water shortages in communities across the state, diminished water for agricultural production, degraded habitat for many fish and wildlife species, increased wildfire risk, and the threat of saltwater contamination to fresh water suppliesin the Sacramento-San Joaquin Bay Delta; and
WHEREAS a distinct possibility exists that the current drought will stretch into a fifth straight year in 2016 and beyond; and
WHEREAS new expedited actions are needed to reduce the harmful impacts from water shortages and other impacts of the drought; and
WHEREAS the magnitude of the severe drought conditions continues to present threats beyond the control of the services, personnel, equipment, and facilities of any single local government and require the combined forces of a mutual aid region or regions to combat; and
WHEREAS under the provisions of section 8558(b) of the Government Code, I find that conditions of extreme peril to the safety of persons and property continue to exist in California due to water shortage and drought conditions with which local authority is unable to cope; and
WHEREAS under the provisions of section 8571 of the California Government Code, I find that strict compliance with various statutes and regulations specified in this order would prevent, hinder, or delay the mitigation of the effects of the drought.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor of the State of California, in accordance with the authority vested in me by the Constitution and statutes of the State of California, in particular Government Code sections 8567 and 8571 of the California Government Code, do hereby issue this Executive Order, effective immediately.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED THAT:
1. The orders and provisions contained in my January 17, 2014 Proclamation, my April 25, 2014 Proclamation, and Executive Orders B-26-14 and B-28-14 remain in full force and effect except as modified herein.
- The State Water Resources Control Board (Water Board) shall impose restrictions to achieve a statewide 25% reduction in potable urban water usage through February 28, 2016. These restrictions will require water suppliers to California’s cities and towns to reduce usage as compared to the amount used in 2013. These restrictions should consider the relative per capita water usage of each water suppliers’ service area, and require that those areas with high per capita use achieve proportionally greater reductions than those with low use. The California Public Utilities Commission is requested to take similar action with respect to investor-owned utilities providing water services.
- The Department of Water Resources (the Department) shall lead a statewide initiative, in partnership with local agencies, to collectively replace 50 million square feet of lawns and ornamental turf with drought tolerant landscapes. The Department shall provide funding to allow for lawn replacement programs in underserved communities, which will complement local programs already underway across the state.
- The California Energy Commission, jointly with the Department and the Water Board, shall implement a time-limited statewide appliance rebate program to provide monetary incentives for the replacement of inefficient household devices.
- The Water Board shall impose restrictions to require that commercial, industrial, and institutional properties, such as campuses, golf courses, and cemeteries, immediately implement water efficiency measures to reduce potable water usage in an amount consistent with the reduction targets · ·· · mandated by Directive 2 of this Executive Order.
- The Water Board shall prohibit irrigation with potable water of ornamental turf on public street medians.
- The Water Board shall prohibit irrigation with potable water outside of newly constructed homes and buildings that is not delivered by drip or microspray systems.
8. The Water Board shall direct urban water suppliers to develop rate structures and other pricing mechanisms, including but not limited to surcharges, fees, and penalties, to maximize water conservation consistent with statewide water restrictions. The Water Board is directed to adopt emergency regulations, as it deems necessary, pursuant to Water Code section 1058.5 to implement this directive. The Water Board is further directed to work with state agencies and water suppliers to identify mechanisms that would encourage and facilitate the adoption of rate structures and other pricing mechanisms that promote water conservation. The California Public Utilities Commission is requested to take similar action with respect to investor-owned utilities providing water services.
INCREASE ENFORCEMENT AGAINST WATER WASTE
9. The Water Board shall require urban water suppliers to provide monthly information on water usage, conservation, and enforcement on a permanent basis.
10. The Water Board shall require frequent reporting of water diversion and use
by water right holders, conduct inspections to determine whether illegal diversions or wasteful and unreasonable use of water are occurring, and bring enforcement actions against illegal diverters and those engaging in the
wasteful and unreasonable use of water. Pursuant to Government Code sections 8570 and 8627, the Water Board is granted authority to inspect
property or diversion facilities to ascertain compliance-with water rights laws
and regulations where there is cause to believe such laws and regulations
have been violated. When access is not granted by a property owner, the
Water Board may obtain an inspection warrant pursuant to the procedures set 1 forth in Title 13 (commencing with section 1822.50) of Part 3 of the Code of
Civil Procedure for the purposes of conducting an inspection pursuant to this directive .
11. The Department shall update the State Model Water Efficient Landscape Ordinance through expedited regulation. This updated Ordinance shall increase water efficiency standards for new and existing landscapes through more efficient irrigation systems, greywater usage, onsite storm water capture, and by limiting the portion of landscapes that can be covered in turf. It will also require reporting on the implementation and enforcement of local ordinances, with required reports due by December 31, 2015. The Department shall provide information on local compliance to the Water Board, which shall consider adopting regulations or taking appropriate enforcement actions to promote compliance. The Department shall provide technical assistance and give priority in grant funding to public agencies for actions necessary to comply with local ordinances.
12. Agricultural water suppliers that supply water to more than 25,000 acres shall include in their required 2015 Agricultural Water Management Plans a detailed drought management plan that describes. the actions and measures the supplier will take to manage water demand during drought. The Department shall require those plans to include quantification of water supplies and demands for 2013, 2014, and 2015 to the extent data is available. The Department will provide technical assistance to water suppliersinpreparingtheplans.
13. Agricultural water suppliers that supply water to 10,000 to 25,000 acres of irrigated lands shall develop Agricultural Water Management Plans and submit the plans to the Department by July 1, 2016. These plans shall include a detailed drought management plan and quantification of water supplies and demands in2013, 2014, and 2015, to the extent that data is available. The Department shall give priority in grant funding to agricultural water suppliers that supply water to 10,000 to 25,000 acres of land for development and implementation of Agricultural Water Management Plans.
- The Department shall report to Water Board on the status of the Agricultural Water Management Plan submittals within one month of receipt of those reports.
- Local water agencies in high and medium priority groundwater basins shall immediately implement all requirements of the California Statewide Groundwater Elevation Monitoring Program pursuant to Water Code section 10933. The Department shall refer noncompliant local water agencies within high and medium priority groundwater basins to the Water Board by December 31, 2015, which shall consider adopting regulations or taking appropriate enforcement to promote compliance.
- The California Energy Commission shall adopt emergency regulations establishing standards that improve the efficiency of water appliances, including toilets, urinals, and faucets available for sale and installation in new and existing buildings.
INVEST IN NEW TECHNOLOGIES
17. The California Energy Commission, jointly with the Department and the Water Board, shall implement a Water Energy Technology (WET) program to deploy innovative water management technologies for businesses, residents, industries, and agriculture. This program will achieve water and energy savings and greenhouse gas reductions by accelerating use of cutting-edge technologies such as renewable energy-powered desalination, integrated on- site reuse systems, water-use monitoring software, irrigation system timing and precision technology, and on-farm precision technology.
STREAMLINE GOVERNMENT RESPONSE
18. The Office of Emergency Services and the Department of Housing and Community Development shall work jointly with counties to provide temporary assistance for persons moving from housing units due to a lack of potable water who are served by a private well or water utility with less than 15 connections, and where all reasonable attempts to find a potable water source have been exhausted.
19. State permitting agencies shall prioritize review and approval of water infrastructure projects and programs that increase local water supplies, including water recycling facilities, reservoir improvement projects, surface water treatment plants, desalination plants, stormwater capture, and greywater systems. Agencies shall report to the Governor’s Office on applications that have been pending for longer than 90 days.
- The Department shall take actions required to plan and, if necessary, implement Emergency Drought Salinity Barriers in coordination and consultation with the Water Board and the Department of Fish and Wildlife at locations within the Sacramento- San Joaquin delta estuary. These barriers will be designed to conserve water for use later in the year to meet state and federal Endangered Species Act requirements, preserve to the extent possible water quality in the Delta, and retain water supply for essential human health and safety uses in 2015 and in the future.
- The Water Board and the Department of Fish and Wildlife shall immediately consider any necessary regulatory approvals for the purpose of installation of the Emergency Drought Salinity Barriers.
- The Department shall immediately consider voluntary crop idling water transfer and water exchange proposals of one year or less in duration that are initiated by local public agencies and approved in 2015 by the Department subject to the criteria set forth in Water Code section 1810.
- The Water Board will prioritize new and amended safe drinking water permits that enhance water supply and reliability for community water systems facing water shortages or that expand service connections to include existing residences facing water shortages. As the Department of Public Health’s drinking water program was transferred to the Water Board, any reference to the Department of Public Health in any prior Proclamation or Executive Order
listed in Paragraph 1 is deemed to refer to the Water Board.
- The California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection shall launch a public information campaign to educate the public on actions they can take to help to prevent wildfires including the proper treatment of dead and dying trees. Pursuant to Government Code section 8645, $1 .2 million from the State Responsibility Area Fire Prevention Fund (Fund 3063) shall be allocated to the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection to carry out this directive.
- The Energy Commission shall expedite the processing of all applications or petitions for amendments to power plant certifications issued by the Energy Commission for the purpose of securing alternate water supply necessary for continued power plant operation. Title 20, section 1769 of the California Code of Regulations is hereby waived for any such petition, and the Energy Commission is authorized to create and implement an alternative process to consider such petitions. This process may delegate amendment approval authority, as appropriate, to the Energy Commission Executive Director. The Energy Commission shall give timely notice to all relevant local, regional, and state agencies of any petition subject to this directive, and shall post on its website any such petition.
For purposes of carrying out directives 2-9, 11, 16-17, 20-23, and 25, Division 13 (commencing with section 21 000) of the Public Resources Code and regulations adopted pursuant to that Division are hereby
suspended. This suspension applies to any actions taken by state agencies, and for actions taken by local agencies where the state agency with primary responsibility for implementing the directive concurs that local action is required, as well as for any necessary permits or approvals required to complete these actions. This suspension, and those specified in paragraph 9 of the January 17, 2014 Proclamation, paragraph 19 of the April 25, 2014 proclamation, and paragraph 4 of Executive Order B-26-14, shall remain in effect until May 31, 2016. Drought relief actions taken pursuant to these paragraphs that are started prior to May 31, 2016, but not completed, shall not be subject to Division 13 (commencing with section 21 000) of the Public Resources Code for the time required to complete them.
For purposes of carrying out directives 20 and 21, section 13247 and Chapter 3 of Part 3 (commencing with section 85225) of the Water Code are suspended.
For actions called for in this proclamation in directive 20, the Department shall exercise any authority vested in the Central Valley Flood Protection Board, as codified in Water Code section 8521, et seq., that is necessary to enable these urgent actions to be taken more quickly than otherwise possible. The Director of the Department of Water Resources is specifically authorized, on behalf of the State of California, to request that the Secretary of the Army, on the recommendation of the Chief of Engineers of the Army Corps of Engineers, grant any permission required pursuant to section 14 of the Rivers and Harbors Act of 1899 and codified in section 48 of title 33 of the United States Code.
The Department is directed to enter into agreements with landowners for the purposes of planning and installation of the Emergency Drought Barriers in2015 to the extent necessary to accommodate access to barrier locations, land-side and water-side construction, and materials staging in proximity to barrier locations. Where the Department is unable to reach an agreement with landowners, the Department may exercise the full authority of Government Code section 8572. ·
For purposes of this Executive Order, chapter 3.5 (commencing with section 11340) of part 1 of division 3 of the Government Code and chapter 5 (commencing with section 25400) of division 15 of the Public Resources Code are suspended for the development and adoption of regulations or guidelines needed to carry out the provisions in this Order. Any entity issuing regulations or guidelines pursuant to this directive shall conduct a public .meeting on the regulations and guidelines prior to adopting them.
31. In order to ensure that equipment and services necessary for drought response can be procured quickly, the provisions of the Government Code and the Public Contract Code applicable to state contracts, including, but not limited to, advertising and competitive bidding requirements, are hereby suspended for directives 17, 20, and 24. Approval by the Department of Finance is required prior to the execution of any contract entered into pursuant to these directives.
This Executive Order is not intended to, and does not, create any rights or benefits, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity, against the State of California, its agencies, departments, entities, officers, employees, or any other person.
I FURTHER DIRECT that as soon as hereafter possible, this Order be filed in the Office of the Secretary of State and that widespread publicity and notice be given to this Order.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF I have hereunto set my hand and caused the Great Seal of the State of California to be affixed this 151 day of April2015. ·
EDMUND G. BROWN JR. Governor of California
A TTEST :
ALEX PADILLA Secretary of State
On March 23, one percent of the flow of the Colorado River will be released into Mexico, to flow into the river delta and the Gulf of California as part of an experiment in environmental restoration over several months. The agreement, known as Minute 319, was signed between the U.S. and Mexico in late 2012 at the urging of groups like the Environmental Defense Fund. The transfer will occur despite intense drought in the southwestern U.S.
The Colorado River is a major source of water for farms and households in the southwest, including California. The language of the agreement provides for a five-year joint “pilot project” starting in 2013, and allows the delivery of Colorado River water “tentatively during 2014 but no later than 2016.”
It was possible, therefore, to delay the pilot project for at least two years, giving the region a chance to recover from drought. No such delay was made.
It has been more than half a century since the Colorado River flowed regularly to the delta.
The Environmental Defense Fund (NGO) has pushed back against criticism of the project’s timing. “Some may grumble that this is not the time to send water to the environment, but that objection ignores the broader context of the recent binational agreement and the many benefits it brings to both countries,” wrote Jennifer Pitt, director of the Fund’s Colorado River project.
Engineers will open the floodgates of the Morelos Dam, which straddles the border, and will do so again several times throughout the spring months to mimic the natural floods of the region, the Associated Press reports. The hope is not only to restore species habitat and the region’s natural water flow, but also to provide water that once sustained broader agriculture in the region, and build cooperation for future joint water management.
This video is a must watch for anyone concerned with the question is there really a shortage of water in California, and elsewhere? According to Dr. Stephan Riess and many others there is NO Shortage of Water. Primary water is plentiful and renewable. Watch this rare interview to find out more. After watching this go to www.PrimaryWater.org and HELP spread the Water Action Alert – 1/2 page double sided flyers about the REAL science of water – hand them out far and wide . . . Be part of the SOLUTION!
What is Primary Water? 1985 Interview with Dr. Stephan Riess.
You tube link: http://youtu.be/r3_HUTvPmDk
Dr. Stephan Riess in 1985.
TRANSCRIPTION OF YOUTUBE:
WHY WE DO NOT HAVE A WATER SHORTAGE
WE HAVE PRIMARY WATER
WHAT IS PRIMARY WATER?
1985 Interview with Stephan Riess – YouTube Transcription
The Primary Water Institute and Primary WaterWorks Present
Dr. Stephen Riess on Primary Water
The Last Interview
September 22, 1985
With Dr. Wayne Weber and Ross Frazier
In Escondido, California
The term Primary Water was coined by the late Dr. Stephen
Riess, the geophysicist who independently discovered its existence
and pioneered its development, beginning in the 1930s until his
death in December 1985.
“My discovery was put to a field test by locating and drilling many
wells. The records to date from these tests is 70 producing wells
out of 72 attempts, all drilled in hard rock, all located in
distressed areas generally considered unproductive.” (Dr. Stephen
Primary water is a little known renewable resource that originates
deep within the earth. When conditions are right, oxygen combines
with hydrogen to make new water.
This water is constantly being pushed up toward the surface under
great pressure. The water finds its way towards the surface
through fissures or faults. Depending on the geology, primary
water can be accessed close to the surface, or even flow out as a
Primary water has never been a part of the hydrologic cycle until it
finally arrives at the surface. Traditional hydrologic cycle water is
finite and volumes fluctuate relative to available rain and snowmelt.
Primary water is renewable and plentiful regardless of the
This priceless interview from 1985 of Dr. Stephen Riess is
presented in its entirety regardless of camera movement and
Meaning of Dike or Dyke in Geology:
A dike or dyke in geological usage is a sheet of rock that formed in a fracture in a pre-existing rock
body. However, when the new rock forms within and parallel to the bedding of a layers rock, it is
called a sill. It is a type of tabular or sheet intrusion, that either cuts across layers in a planar wall
rock structures, or into a layer or unlayered mass of rock.
Ross Frazier: This is Escondido, Sunday the 22nd of September 1985 and we’re
taking instruction from Dr. Stephen Riess, an eminent earth scientist at his home
in Escondido, high on a rock promontory overlooking the valley and showing
massive protrusions of granite boulders all around. Stephen Riess is a very
controversial scientist and has extensive knowledge worldwide in the finding of
Turning to address Dr. Stephen Riess . . . Do you have any immediate finds in
Escondido in the last three or four months?
Dr. Riess: Yes we’ve been successful in drilling some very good wells and it
happens that both locations are on the highest parts in the county. A thousand
feet higher than the pump stations for the water supply from the water resources
department. And the cost of pumping it from there, these stations, the river
water from Sacramento up into these reservoirs here is $93 an acre foot in power
bills and it is poor quality water. So the point now is that this water wells can
produce the water for $20 pumping cost instead of $93 to lift it from the pipeline
below up to the surface.
Ross Frazier: And with no carrying of silt or anything of that nature.
Dr. Riess: No. It’s clean water.
Ross Frazier: The water here is very pure water, isn’t it?
Dr. Riess: It’s exceptionally good. It’s usually about one-third of the mineral
content of the prevailing Colorado River water.
Ross Frazier: This is because you’re extracting primary water from very deep.
Dr. Riess: This is because it is primary water obtained below the crust and is in
the non-oxidizing zone.
Ross Frazier: So this is not being oxidized?
Dr. Riess: No.
Ross Frazier: And it is not picking up contaminants.
Dr. Riess: It does not dissolve or pick up any contaminants and therefore it is
superior water. It does not need any more cleaning or pre-treatment for the
Ross Frazier: And you don’t have any, or very little if any, radiation?
Dr. Riess: Well, there may be fast dissolving radon which is about one day
lifetime in the water in the reservoir.
Ross Frazier: And radon will not be a really factor here.
Dr. Riess: No, it is no factor at all.
Ross Frazier: Because it’s decay is so rapid.
Dr. Riess: Right now. And in itself is not very serious.
Ross Frazier: It wouldn’t be anywhere near the contaminants that could be
picked up as a result of surface testing of nuclear weapons.
Dr. Riess: Naturally, that is the point. When they are talking about claiming
waters, bad waters, which are already bad at the origin from the faucet and then
going to the industrial and whatever uses there are and then go through the
sewage lines, the retreating is absolute insanity.
Ross Frazier: It is not necessary because . . .
Dr. Riess: It’s ridiculous. An article that I got in the paper here before me today is
talking about treating two hundred million gallons of sewage for re-use. Now
who in the Devil would want to use sewage water again?
Ross Frazier: It’s unnecessary.
Dr. Riess: Absolutely unnecessary.
Ross Frazier: Your water supplies literally are limitless.
Dr. Riess: Naturally, they’re limitless. They claim that the water is from the
surface seeped in over long periods of time into the rock structure. Itself an
Ross Frazier: It didn’t go down through impervious rock.
Dr. Riess: Neither below the zone of oxidization. The pressure there is too high
for water to continue. Rock is twice the pressure or the weight from water itself.
And water is incompressible. Absolutely incompressible. Rock is more
compressible than water. This is the standard knowledge that we have had for a
Ross Frazier: Incompressibility of water has been known for many years.
Dr. Riess: That’s why it is used in the industries for pressure checking. And to talk
about reclaiming water from sewage use for public demand, why it’s ridiculous.
Absolutely unnecessary. Absolutely.
Ross Frazier: So that the water, even the best water, can be obtained out of the
water cycle, is by all standards poor grade water related to the water that you are
finding below the surface of this granite.
Dr. Riess: That’s right. Once the rainwater hits the ground it immediately starts
to absorb contaminants. Always
Ross Frazier: All the soluble elements that can be absorbed will be absorbed into
it. All the contaminants that the precipitation washes out of the atmosphere on
the way down through to the earth.
Dr. Riess: Absolutely, absolutely . . . and accumulates. It’s the rub of it.
Ross Frazier: Now as a health matter, for public and personal health, water is
absolutely an essential ingredient for health, isn’t it?
Dr. Riess: Not only that but for the existence of life on the planet, whether it’s
animal life, human life or vegetation.
Ross Frazier: But all the water that is on the planet at the moment that fills the
oceans ultimately, or primarily, has been generated from the source that you’re
finding now. Is that not so?
Dr. Riess: All the water that is now coming to the surface by deep well drilling
may be a million years underground old.
Ross Frazier: And the salinization, also the complexity of sea water, is the result
of soluble elements being taken out of surface water and being washed into the
Dr. Riess: Which had to come into the ocean by run-off by rain. It couldn’t be
there any other way. No question about it.
Ross Frazier: That is referred to generally as cycle water, or water that has gone
through the evaporation, cloud formation, precipitation and the flow back into
the ocean via the rivers.
Dr. Riess: Why science, and the teaching today of science has ignored the
presence of about 1,500 big wells or springs in the world that go from 10,000 to
200,000 gallons a minute constantly . . .
Ross Frazier: Back into antiquity.
Dr. Riess: Way back, and are actually 8,000, 7,000, 500, 9,000 feet elevation
usually in the granitic system. It is not explained. We have two wells in America,
or springs in America, that produce 800 million daily. One is in Missouri and the
other is in the desert in western Oregon. The one in Oregon, the western desert
of Oregon, is producing the Day River. So, where did it come from? If that was
rainwater, all the rain in the state of Oregon on an annual precipitation wouldn’t
flow that spring one month a year.
Ross Frazier: That river (the Day River) flows twelve months a year.
Dr. Riess: Yeah. But it’s flowing twelve months, yeah.
Dr. Wayne Weber: We talked a little earlier about some of the chemical
differentiations and compositions of the rock involved with the specific location of
the wells that you’ve been drilling. Can you elaborate on that a little more?
Dr. Riess: Right. The main thing is if you study your structure. If you have
volcanic debris from the earlier tertiary period maybe, or even earlier, like here in
this country, this here is 50 million years old before it came out of the ocean.
There we have contamination produced by the decomposition. The minerals fall
apart. They dissolve. Whether it is copper, lead, zinc, or whatever the minerals
are, aluminum, they get into the ocean and then you find them all in the water
where there is high chlorine you get a high chlorinated water, and often so bad, it
is absolutely unusable. But in every event it is very, very damaging to human life,
to plant life, and harmful.
Dr. Wayne Weber: You’re speaking in terms of ground water at this point?
Dr. Riess: Yes, ground water. But when you go and consider those very big, deep
sources of water, usually coming in as springs on high mountain systems
worldwide, and usually are a lake, and a big lake at times, then we end up dealing
with something that could never come from the precipitation cycle because it just
isn’t available. Never was. You can’t get precipitation water on a steep mountain
range more than about one inch of water per foot of land. And if you have a ten
inch rain you have about ten inch of every saturated ground. Then it is all over
because there’s nothing going down below twenty or thirty feet.
Ross Frazier: Certainly not your impervious granite.
Dr. Riess: Not even through the soil.
Ross Frazier: Not even through the clay.
Dr. Riess: No. Couldn’t. It’s impossible.
Ross Frazier: So it runs off on the surface and picks up more contamination as it
Dr. Riess: And out she goes into the ocean and that’s the damn trouble that they
are getting it here when it’s damaged and ruined if they drill it with very shallow
holes. If that rain water gets off and gets into the valley, through highly porous
sand and gravel, of course it sinks, and they call that the water table, which it is.
Ross Frazier: It sinks through bedrock but only to the top of bed.
Dr. Riess: Just the basin. It’s basin water. That’s all there is to it. And it is
accumulated for centuries. Now we are pumping it away at about nine times the
rate of precipitation. And it is ridiculous. I’ve seen a report here today in the
paper where they’re talking about treating 200 million gallons of sewage daily in
Ross Frazier: Yes, you mentioned that before.
Dr. Riess: Yes, well there it is in the newspaper.
Dr. Wayne Weber: As opposed to the system of the ground water in the ground
water table, we were speaking earlier also about the water coming from the earth
in the form of steam as you mentioned earlier, and you had indicated that as this
comes in the form of steam, basically condensing. And so it condenses and
comes up through the fractures at that point. Could you elaborate a little bit
more on some of the other chemical changes that occur as the steam is coming
up and the water is clearing itself.
Dr. Riess: The steam generally reduces one percent of its volume to a heavy
moist condition of heavy saturated air and then it usually is locked in with the
metals and the minerals and remains there for an unexplainable length of time.
But eventually it is liberated . . . the whole system. Eventually the water will
dissolve any substance on this planet, no matter what it is. Everything is soluble
whether it is land, rock, gold, silver, metals, whatever, it will dissolve it. That’s all
there is to it. And then you have it in solution. You can analyze the sea water
right now and you will find practically everything in it that we have in form of
Ross Frazier: Every soluble element is in sea water, virtually.
Dr. Riess: There’s no question about that. But, on the other hand, if you then
recognize that photosynthesis, which is just plant life, the grasses, the trees,
everything that is green and living consumes 600 billion gallons daily worldwide,
that’s enough water to empty the last gallon of water in the ocean in less than 3
million years. So what about the rest of it? Ever since the tertiary period, 15-16
million years ago, the ocean has raised by one-third of its total capacity.
Ross Frazier: As a result of production of this primary water which you are now
Dr. Riess: Damn right. It is breaking out and it is showing up. I have a record of
915 springs and they go over 10,000 to 200,000, and a larger proportion of them,
some of them go into the millions of gallons daily. And usually springs are at the
high point of the mountain range. Not in the canyons.
Dr. Wayne Weber: Have you ever done any analysis of the type of structures
where these springs are located.
Dr. Riess: Oh naturally. I’m locating them on this basis. If I know that
crystallography and mineralogy, then I know that I can depend on that good
water on drilling.
Dr. Wayne Weber: And the crystallography and the mineralogy would indicate to
you which areas are contiguous with what would go into the magma. How does
that relate, for example, if you have a dyke, are springs usually connected to a
Dr. Riess: Always on a contact zone whether the dyke has surfaced or not. But it
has to be a surface zone. Now the point is, what people ignore, I can go over a
thousand acres of land, say a whole section on these ranges (mountain ranges)
and I find variations from 5 to 10 different variations within one mile,
mineralogically and petrographically. The ordinary person doesn’t even
Dr. Wayne Weber: Are you talking about surface structure or actual dyke
Dr. Riess: Dykes. There I can determine directly whether I have contact to the
magma. The water has to come from the magma.
Dr. Wayne Weber: But because of the mineralogy and petrology of the dyke then
you can say this indeed is something that is in contact with the magma.
Dr. Riess: Yes and the metals contained therein. In an analysis of what minerals
Dr. Wayne Weber: Primarily the sulfite group.
Dr. Riess: Then I know I’m right and I can dare to drill a well and expect some
really good water.
Dr. Wayne Weber: So you might have a situation where you have one dyke here
and another dyke over there and the mineralogy would be different enough that
one would have water connected but not the other.
Dr. Riess: Yes. Not a hundred feet away on the other side of the dyke.
Dr. Wayne Weber: In general would you see one dyke connected to water here
and other dykes in close proximity that are not connected to water.
Dr. Riess: Yes. I would say there are water flowing or water containing dykes and
non-water containing dykes. The dyke itself doesn’t have the water but did at
one time and are carriers. Mineralization produced the water as the
mineralization intruded. Say a pound of copper or a pound of zinc might have had
millions of gallons of water depositing it. Millions. Read that book from
Saltzman. We had figured out how many gallons of water it takes for one pound
of borax. Borax is an unknown element prior to 50 million years ago. And the
biggest deposit apparently has been Kramer, Colorado. But that is tertiary.
That’s the latest mineralization on this planet.
Dr. Wayne Weber: So if you have a dyke that you feel is a water former because
of the rock analysis the reason that water is still coming today is that it is still in
direct contact with the magma but that would generally be somewhere 1,000 or
2,000 feet down.
Dr. Riess: Oh sure. Twenty, fifty.
Dr. Wayne Weber: How do you know that you have a dyke here with the proper
mineralization . . .?
Dr. Riess: By the debris. By what the debris is showing on the dyke. That’s the
mineralogy of it.
Dr. Wayne Weber: I understand that. But once you have that, how do you
decide then and what is the basic principle that you are going on as to how to get
water from that dyke or near it?
Dr. Riess: What is the other side of the dyke analyzing? Maybe ten feet away and
I’m out of it. I’ve got to follow the contact zone whatever the incline or dip is.
Dr. Wayne Weber: And then you would drill the well, for example, you have a
dyke coming in from ninety degrees right here.
Dr. Riess: If the dyke shows here (at the surface) it doesn’t mean a thing, I have
to drill (pointing at Wayne’s elbow) here (high above the lower angle of the dyke
deeper under the surface).
Ross Frazier: Because here (showing deep below the surface) is where your
fracture zone is. That dyke is here because there was a fracture of the granite
plate. The displaced fractures are in the elbow and not in the
Dr. Riess: It’s a displacement fracture.
Ross Frazier: Those fractures are allowing that steam which is creating the water
coming up from the magma to be there at all.
Dr. Riess: That’s the passage way. The steam is way below. The steam is five to
ten miles down.
Ross Frazier: But the steam is the pressure that keeps the water up in those
Dr. Riess: Right, right.
Ross Frazier: The bottom pressure is continuous. This is a continuous process. It
doesn’t have any end to it, does it?
Dr. Riess: No, no. Science is slowing admitting it. There are 28 universities now
petitioning the government to put up eight million immediately to start drilling
15,000 foot holes to capture the steam. The steam means not a damn thing.
Ross Frazier: But their saying and admitting that there is steam there as primary
steam, but they are denying that it is primary water. If I’m not incorrect, steam is
water in another form.
Dr. Riess: Naturally.
Ross Frazier: We’ve been saying this for forty years.
Dr. Riess: Since I came out of school.
Ross Frazier: Now in connection with your work in the mining field, you found
virtually invariably that when you got to a certain depth in these deep mines that
you would hit this water that you’re describing and it would flood the mine out.
That’s one case when you didn’t want that beautiful primary water.
Dr. Riess: That is correct.
Ross Frazier: Because it was destroying the whole operation.
Dr. Riess: I learned what to look for not to tap caught in it.
Ross Frazier: Yes. And you learned that that water was perfectly usable because I
understand that at one time you carried some of it for the camp cook and he was
astonished at how good the water was.
Dr. Riess: That is correct. But I had to learn mining to learn how not to get into
one of those streaks.
Ross Frazier: And this is how you found to watch the minerals.
Dr. Riess: The minerals, and the metals and the content.
Ross Frazier: When you got in and saw these things you knew that water was
Dr. Riess: On the given volcanic debris. See, but not usually very crystal, not very
solid, not crystalized properly, but more fractured, broken, poor and weathered.
Ross Frazier: You would see this on your mine cup.
Dr. Riess: Oh yes. Then I know I have a deep seated fracture.
Ross Frazier: And on the basis of that, you can go in another direction or stay
away from the major water coming up.
Dr. Riess: Once you’re down in an area 4,000-5,000 feet the water pressure is so
high it comes through the moment you get near it.
Dr. Wayne Weber: Have you ever actually seen water just flowing through these
Dr. Riess: Oh, sure. Certainly.
Ross Frazier: You may have this water in these fissures under pressures up to
600-700 pounds, 1,000 pounds per square inch.
Dr. Riess: Yes, yes.
Ross Frazier: With the steam pressure pushing it.
Dr. Riess: No, there’s no more steam. That’s already too far down below.
Ross Frazier: The pressure of the steam is still there.
Dr. Riess: The head is still there. Plus the weight of the formation is hitting
incompressible material. So the water being half as heavy as the material that’s
holding it, which is incompressible, it has got to come through.
Ross Frazier: It must be forced through anyway.
Dr. Riess: The least little crevices and through it goes and once it has a runway it
Ross Frazier: This is the principle of the hydraulic system.
Dr. Riess: Absolutely. There’s no question about it.
Ross Frazier: The instant pressure is placed on one end of a hydraulic system it is
instantly at the other end because of the incompressibility of the water.
Dr. Riess: Absolutely. I’ve seen that water come in so fast it isn’t funny.
Ross Frazier: So when you free that one end, the total pressure that’s there is
going to flood the whole area.
Dr. Riess: The whole area. I’ve been drilling into those things and pulled the drill
rig out of the mine, and the boys pulled the rig out and got hit by a heavy spray of
water. Just like a high pressure hose right in the face . . . a little drill hole (making
a small hole with his hand to illustrate small size).
Ross Frazier: And continues to come out until the mine is flooded and you can’t
see it anymore.
Dr. Riess: It never stops until it finds its pressure level.
Ross Frazier: When the weight of the water and the pressure are equal it stays
Dr. Riess: Now the last big discovery was in Africa in one of the big gold mines I
happen to own stock in. They went from 5,300 feet level to 8,300 feet level
through the shaft. Down, down, down. Hit the water and out! Eight-seven
million gallons of water a day and it came up to 5,000 feet in the mine and stayed
Ross Frazier: So this water that you’re finding in these deep crevices is
continuously trying to seek an equilibrium in its pressure.
Dr. Riess: That’s right. And if you find it fairly solid in your material you shoot
through, watch it. If you keep on going, you’ve just lost her. She’s bound to come
Ross Frazier: And there is no such a thing as exhausting the water supply because
it’s continuously being born.
Dr. Riess: No. It’s absolutely impossible or there would be no water on the
planet. The daily loss of water on this planet by each blade of grass, by every
vegetation, everything alive means there would be no water in the oceans in less
than 3 million years.
Ross Frazier: So many years ago you forecast that the oceans, when they get
down to find it and were able to test it, would have massive amounts of fresh
potable water in the bottoms.
Dr. Riess: I kept telling them that. That’s the only source of water we could have.
Ross Frazier: And now when they go to find the Titanic at 12,800 feet, they’re
finding just what you said.
Dr. Riess: Right. The last Scripps expedition that they had, 12,000 feet in the
Pacific they found a 3-inch spring flowing beautiful fresh water and a little ways
away a spring, or whatever it is, 700 degree steam.
Dr. Wayne Weber: Now why is that, Steve? Why does one have fresh water and
one has steam?
Dr. Riess: Different source, different connection, different dyke.
Dr. Wayne Weber: Like you were talking about before, dykes. One dyke here
and one dyke there.
Dr. Riess: My three wells in Idaho, they’re less than 200 feet apart, all of them,
and each one has different chemistry. And each one is a big well, big flowing
water, but not the same water. High class water but the chemistry is different in
each one of them.
Dr. Wayne Weber: So the root of this dyke, these different various dykes, is going
down at a different angle. They’re all connected with the magma.
Dr. Riess: They have to be.
Dr. Wayne Weber: I guess what I still don’t understand is why one dyke here and
one 100 feet away, going to the same source, one would be highly sulfide,
mineralized water, hot water . . .
Dr. Riess: They don’t go to the same source. They’re different (makes a
movement with his hands to show different directions that are opposite).
Ross Frazier: The fissures are all different.
Dr. Riess: They come in on that last extrusion.
Ross Frazier: You’re working with the top of the fissures.
Dr. Riess: Right.
Ross Frazier: And the fissures are at an angle so as they proceed down through
the 25 miles there are miles of probable base.
Dr. Riess: They split away. They split from the top down and out.
Ross Frazier: What you really have is a big chunk of granite that’s been fractured
like that (hand motion) as a result of volcanic action.
Dr. Riess: Not the granite. Granite is preceded by volcanic rock. Granite is a
crystalized sedimentary, mostly ocean.
Ross Frazier: What is it that is fractured below then?
Dr. Riess: The basic debris which is what we call the plutonic rocks.
Ross Frazier: Sub-granite material.
Dr. Riess: They are way below the granite source. They’re below the basalt. That
Meyer drill never hit the granite. Never. We didn’t intend to either. There are a
few big granite blocks like this laying on top but they never were there originally.
Ross Frazier: So what type of material is he going down through?
Dr. Riess: Volcanic debris. All kinds of mixture. This is nothing positive. You
can’t classify it as this or that or the other. It’s just a mish-mash.
Dr. Wayne Weber: A volcanic sedimentary that has probably been there for
millions of years.
Dr. Riess: For millions of years. A volcanic conglomerate but no crystalline
Dr. Wayne Weber: You’ve intersected the fault lines . . .
Dr. Riess: The contact zone. And that’s where that water is migrating on.
Dr. Wayne Weber: What I still don’t understand, Steve, is why you have this
massive fissure system down there with the branches coming off of it and why,
going back to the hydrothermal vents coming off the bottom of the ocean are so
Dr. Riess: They’re coming from a different source. They have a different outlet.
That is not the source there for the water. This one may come from over there.
This one from half a mile in. But they’re all different and wind up in this outflow
structure which was created by the gases under volcanism.
Ross Frazier: They converge at the top but they are dispersed at the bottom.
Dr. Riess: Completely.
Dr. Wayne Weber: And the reason one is fresh water, potable, drinkable source
is that it depends on which rock formation it goes through.
Dr. Riess: Naturally.
Dr. Wayne Weber: As opposed to the one that is highly mineralized.
Dr. Riess: How long it’s been locked up under what type of metallic structure. If
it’s in the rock with about 500 or 1,000 or 10,000 years, it dissolves the minerals.
Dr. Wayne Weber: So the water that you were able to intersect is . . . .
Dr. Riess: Condensed steam originally.
Dr. Wayne Weber: I guess what I don’t understand is why that condensed steam
in some areas is mineralized and other areas it is not. Where it’s not mineralized
the minerals precipitated out . . .
Dr. Riess: The steam comes through a highly mineralized fissure and you’ve got
Dr. Wayne Weber: What determines that?
Dr. Riess: The dissolving of the minerals. Water has a terrific quality of
dissolvement. Some is fresh flowing and clean. Others is locked up for thousands
of years under a metallic structure. So there it is.
Ross Frazier: The leaching process has had a very long time with which to act and
the water now. You’ve got what we call pregnant water there with the minerals
that have leached for many years.
Dr. Riess: The last report that came out claimed that they have now found water
a million years old.
Ross Frazier: The water that is good has been deposited in something where the
leaching process is very small or where you didn’t have the metals.
Dr. Riess: The metals come in as a transmutation of the elements. They’re not
metal when they started out. It’s a constant change. A life cycle of the elements
themselves which they never considered possible but now they know it is. This
planet is life. Everything else goes through a cycle like you and I.
Ross Frazier: The water first then, or the steam, or whatever else leaches out
these leachable elements, carries it and transmutes it.
Dr. Riess: Transmutation.
Ross Frazier: It then deposits the metal up again, way up again.
Dr. Riess: Where the pressure resists.
Ross Frazier: And so the metals got there as a result of being carried by water or
Dr. Riess: No other way. As a gaseous state. The outgassing on this planet is
Dr. Wayne Weber: The water you let out in these major mines, was most of that
good quality drinking water or was most of that heavily mineralized.
Dr. Riess: No, no mineral. When water comes in high volume there is no
mineralization. They were originally, possibly, depositing all the minerals. The
continuation they were cleaned. There was no more metal coming.
Dr. Wayne Weber: So theoretically, would you say that generally you would find
better quality water in mineralized mining areas as we know them today?
Dr. Riess: Deep sources, yes. But not on the surface where it is light. And on the
surface, the upper 500 feet has got oxygen.
Ross Frazier: The leaching process is accelerated by oxygen in the water.
Dr. Riess: It’s so simple that while there is a lot to be observed and studied yet,
nature has shown us clearly long, long ago that the source of water is the depth,
not the sky.
Ross Frazier: Well, after all, seven-tenths of the earth’s surface is water.
Dr. Riess: On the surface but not the mass.
Ross Frazier: The depths of the seas are greater than the depths of the land. We
have sea depths 36,000 feet.
Dr. Riess: That’s only the crust of the earth.
Ross Frazier: Deeper than Everest is high.
Dr. Riess: That’s right.
Ross Frazier: And the water that you’re speaking of . . . this primary water . . . has
been filling these massive basins for trillions of years.
Dr. Riess: Right. And they’re still doing it.
Ross Frazier: All we’re doing is borrowing a little part of it that went up through
the earth’s crust on solid land instead of into the bottom of the ocean. And these
waters are constantly being formed by the process of the magma against the
materials at the bottom of the earth’s crust.
Dr. Riess: The cooling of the earth’s interior. The more cooling proceeds, the
thicker the crust. We find right today that at the high mountain ranges the crust is
shallower than in the deep sea. That’s why we call the Andes the Andes
Mountains because the lowest known rock formation is andesite. Andesite,
Andes. And the surface crust there is about 6,000 to 8,000 feet shallower than on
the ground here in the lowlands.
Ross Frazier: The thickness of the crust varies enormously around the surface.
Dr. Riess: The higher the ranger, the shallower the crust.
Dr. Wayne Weber: Can you elaborate a bit more on the temperature of the
water of the wells because of the fact that they’re a little bit higher than normal.
Dr. Riess: Well, it’s very simple. The ground temperature here is about 56-58
degrees. Now if I drill water and find it is 78 degrees means that I had 1600 feet
of depth. You gain 1 degree for every 80 feet.
Ross Frazier: Every 80 feet you go down you gain one degree of heat no matter
where you drill on the earth’s surface.
Dr. Riess: So when you get 80 degree water you know how far down you’ve
gone. You know the surface which is controlled by climate conditions, sunshine
and light and temperature atmospheric. So say here it is 58, 60s and I drill down
2,000 feet what do I get? I get 10 times 8 is 800 I get 25 degrees higher
temperature. So I should get 90-95 degrees. And it usually checks out that way.
The interior heat eventually gets immense.
Ross Frazier: The well that you drilled in the Sinai Desert in Israel, the scientists
that were there said that it couldn’t be found there, did they not?
Dr. Riess: Naturally. If it had not been for Ben Gurion giving instructions that
nobody should question my work or not obey my orders we would have never
Ross Frazier: You would have never found it. So Ben Gurion was the one
responsible for making they obey you, and they knew it too, and you found a well
there that produced how many gallons per minute?
Dr. Riess: About 4,000 per minute but we only pumped about 1,200 or 1,400.
About 1,000 gallons a minute.
Ross Frazier: And how deep was that well?
Dr. Riess: 1,150 or 1,200 feet.
Ross Frazier: No other water well had been found around that area at all.
Dr. Riess: No. They drilled a lot of dry holes there.
Ross Frazier: And the area with water was highly arable, was it not?
Dr. Riess: Close by, but when I drilled the well it was a deep rocky canyon. But
nearby was the big lands which they put into agriculture.
Ross Frazier: And as a result of your drilling that well there in Israel and the
tremendous publicity that you got for it, and from it, they got a hold of you in
Saudi Arabia. So you were standing with one foot in both camps, and getting
water for both.
Dr. Riess: Right. But that’s where it started, you see. The Jewish newspaper
there, the Jerusalem newspaper, came out big with two pages headline. The look
that they had to find that beautiful water. But the Arabs could read Hebrew there
and the next day the newspaper in Cairo and everywhere let loose. And the Arabs
though those b***ards can’t survive, there is no water. They can’t make it.
Ross Frazier: And Saudi Arabia as a result of some of your finds has done some
Dr. Riess: Naturally but the big trouble was the Jordan River comes out sixty
miles inside Israel and flows about sixteen miles into Jordan. So the Arabs
complained, the Jordanians, when they put 500,000 acres into immediate
agriculture by taking Jordan River to flood the country.
Ross Frazier: Taking the water anyway from Israel.
Dr. Riess: Then it went into big arguments. Finally it could only be solved by an
international court in Hague. The Jews had the management under control and
somehow paid off, or whatever it is, and came in with the statement that they
cannot use that well now because it has gone to salt, because it is a mile from the
Red Sea. And they made that thing stick. So the ruling by the international court
was 50-50 between Jordan and Israel and they had to let that water roll again.
Ross Frazier: Did they mention the fact that Jacob’s well in Jerusalem had also
gone to salt at the same time as your well?
Dr. Riess: They got away with the rawest deal.
Ross Frazier: Jacob’s well went salt at the same time that your well went salt.
And was it the same kind of salinity? Like pure water salinity?
Dr. Riess: They got away with murder.
Ross Frazier: But they didn’t pay you for that other than your trip over there and
Dr. Riess: I was hired by a bunch of local Jews in Los Angeles.
Ross Frazier: You did go to Saudi Arabia and you did find water there for them?
You found water for them in their sand dunes and their oil fields in the Northeast
part of Saudi Arabia?
Dr. Riess: Yes. Near the Persian Gulf. I found good water there too. Saudi Arabia
has no problem with its land. There’s lots of water in the mountain range, like
here. Beautiful timber and potable water that can be transported into the desert
region. Well, they had to go up there finally and get it in jugs out of springs.
There was no more. The springs had gone sour because they drained it too fast.
And King Faisal the first went with me and took me up there. And they had a big
tank in which they dumped their jugs of water. But women there, that was their
daily chore to bring in this spring water in jugs. It was their chore and fun. And
they would meet and talk and chat. And we had that water going and I said to the
Prince that you’ve got all that money from your oil you had better pipe that water
into those houses now. Do away with that unsanitary tank. He said “no”. I said
“why”. He said that would be the end of me.
Ross Frazier: Very unpopular to get rid of their daily recreation.
Dr. Riess: He said that if we stop those women from their daily recreation we’ll
have a revolution we couldn’t win.
Ross Frazier: And we’re seeing that he was right in America at the moment.
Dr. Riess: Sure he was right.
Ross Frazier: America is proving this to be correct, isn’t it?
Dr. Riess: Right.
Ross Frazier: That’s like the revolution we’re having with our women here at the
Dr. Riess: He was right, boy.
Ross Frazier: Trying to change custom is a bad thing to do. And you found this to
be so in telling the truth about the deep water that you’re finding. The custom is
Dr. Riess: I’m in the same vein. He came with me out there because he was so
interested in lifting his people out of their problem. And he spoke good English,
he was educated in Oxford, England. And he told me that we are just in the state
where we are waking as a country, as a people. It’s gonna be tough.
Dr. Wayne Weber: When you located the water out there in Saudi Arabia you
said you did it out there in the Sand Dunes. Were there any geographical features
to go by?
Dr. Riess: This was all basin land over here and that hill over there (pointing) was
the mountain range and went up there and located a well up in the pine woods,
up in the mountain, which to them was screwy.
Dr. Wayne Weber: So does this vegetation in very dry areas like this lead you to
the dykes and the deep water?
Dr. Riess: It’s deep water. Yes. Hydrogen.
Dr. Wayne Weber: How do you relate that then to one of the signs to find these
Dr. Riess: Sure, deep seeded water. There is three times as much water growing
vegetation than is ever deposited by rain. This is only one-third of the water they
can get. Remember if you had an inch of rain, it wets that ground one-foot deep
Ross Frazier: It moistens the soil to one foot deep. It can’t go anywhere. It’s all
absorbed by the soil. Like a sponge.
Dr. Riess: A ten- inch rain which is an awful heavy rain during a month, the worst
you can get is 10-12 inch of soil moisture. No more. They claim that no rain has
yet been found to go over 30-feet deep.
Ross Frazier: That’s a maximum penetration in even the very wet areas of the
earth, only about 30 feet.
Dr. Riess: That’s right.
Ross Frazier: So the idea that the deep water percolated down from the surface
water rain is just an absurd suggestion.
Dr. Riess: Plus the volume.
Ross Frazier: And the volume. But it would be an absurd suggestion even
ignoring the volume. It couldn’t go through that impervious material.
Dr. Riess: Simply ridiculous. This paper here says 200 hundred million gallons
down here in San Diego area of sewage daily. Now you multiply that over the
population areas. Well there isn’t enough water coming down from Sacramento.
Ross Frazier: If enough of the wells that you’re finding were drilled here,
California could be perpetually independent of water being transported from any
Dr. Riess: That’s what I’m driving at. There’s no question. I’ve got the geological
structure to do just that. That’s not a problem.
Ross Frazier: Are you of the opinion that if the politicians had the final say the
world would still be flat?
Dr. Riess: I suppose so. Because 90% are nothing but con men. They just say yes
because somebody told them to do so.
Ross Frazier: And you know for a fact that all of the all of the billions of dollars
that have been spent bringing water in is merely bringing silt from one place in
the country to another place.
Dr. Riess: That’s right, and made a hell of a lot of money for the big land
Ross Frazier: Now the water that’s in those canals that is being brought down
from the Colorado River is continuously deteriorating water because it’s picking
up soluble elements from the surface as it comes along, isn’t it? At a much more
accelerated rate because the sun or the solar heat is accelerating that
Dr. Riess: And because that water is running in open canals without any concrete
bottom. Forty or fifty percent seeps away on the way. That’s what they claim.
And then, of course, evaporation. Naturally. There is no question about that.
Ross Frazier: So evaporation alone would make that water poor quality.
Dr. Riess: Yes. Now the whole thing is absolutely childish. If it wasn’t for the
greed of some people, ignoring the welfare of anybody and everything, we
wouldn’t be in such a mess. If we had politicians with any brains or brought up
intelligence, or education to be made aware of it couldn’t happen.
Ross Frazier: Experience has shown that you have to go on your own and not be
influenced by political opinions anyway and you’re simply producing beautiful,
clear, potable water out of 2,000 feet below the earth’s surface. Water that could
only come from the source that you’ve identified many years ago. And, in fact,
you now have beautiful potable water regardless of what the scientists, the
engineers, the politicians refute the fact. It’s very hard for them to refute the fact
that your theories are good when they find your water the way it is.
Dr. Riess: But that’s a bunch of legislature. Eight out of ten wouldn’t know what
you’re talking about on water. They’re just told to vote yes, whatever side they’re
Ross Frazier: Maybe they would be better able to help you if it were whiskey you
Dr. Riess: Oh, they would, sure, providing they found a market for it.
Ross Frazier: Or all that they could not consume themselves and they could find a
Dr. Riess: You know, you have to marvel about the welfare of society being so
insecure when you come right down to it. Extremely insecure. We see that now,
right now, in Mexico today. You take those high rises in Los Angeles, New York, a
hundred and twenty stories. When they collapse there is no chance to get in and
find anybody under a pile of rubble there.
Ross Frazier: Our society is very fragile. Delicately balanced.
Dr. Riess: And many of those high rises have ten and fifteen thousand people
working in there every day.
Ross Frazier: So if the earthquake happens during the middle of a working day . .
Dr. Riess: You’ll find nobody. Because the pile of rubble is so high you can’t get
in, start digging, or do anything.
Ross Frazier: And the water systems are destroyed in natural disasters.
Dr. Riess: And the gas line breaks underground.
Ross Frazier: And so the availability of your water would be there regardless of
whatever earthquakes had occurred or not.
Dr. Riess: That’s right.
Ross Frazier: And it would even be there if nuclear testing in Russia were
accelerated. It wouldn’t change your water quality at all.
Dr. Riess: No, no.
Ross Frazier: We might survive being on the western side of Russia’s testing area
simply because of this beautiful potable water that you’re able to produce.
Dr. Riess: What they don’t kill off by the explosive.
Ross Frazier: Yes, but we are the recipient of all the fallout from Russia’s
experiments because we’re on the western side of it.
Dr. Riess: We get the least of it. The Chinese and Africa . . .
Ross Frazier: The upper air currents are flowing east of Russia so we’re getting a
lot of their test fallout. But we’re east of Russia and so we’re getting a lot of their
test fallout, aren’t we?
Dr. Riess: No. It would have to come all the way around first. Anything from here
goes the Atlantic and across. When they had the testing here with the nukes,
Russia got the worst. They had over 22,000 dead there. From Asia . . . Northern
Siberia is going to get a big part of it.
Ross Frazier: In the event of nuclear explosions, this water would remain safe
Dr. Riess: Absolutely. What’s left wouldn’t have anything to worry about. The
only part that could possibly be contaminated is the lake, the springs and
reservoirs. But you’ll never hurt the deep water. Never reach it. Radiation can’t
penetrate that deep.
Ross Frazier: Are you able to connect up the early days of your life when you
went and saw those wells along the castles overlooking the Rhine River.
Dr. Riess: Well, that’s when I woke up as a youngster about twelve. It impressed
me, that’s all. I realized that it took these people about 50-80 years digging
through usually everything like conglomerate, absolute resolidification of
sedimentation, granite. They had a lot of that.
Ross Frazier: Very solid material and they were digging down through it. Those
wells were dug hundreds of years ago.
Dr. Riess: Well, the first well was started digging around 930 AD under
Charlemagne. Just about a thousand years ago. And the wells are still
completely usable and excellent water. One of the most recent ones was in
Edinburgh, Scotland at the Queen Elizabeth castle up there. That went down
about 1500 on basalt and around this is salt water high tide and low tide water.
Ross Frazier: Not affecting it at all. How deep?
Dr. Riess: About 1100 or 1200 feet deep way below the level of the salt water.
The salt water is just a deep marsh. Very shallow. Couldn’t get a deep ship in
there either, just boats. The water business has to change like a religion and
Ross Frazier: Yes, because deep seated beliefs are deeper than the water.
Dr. Riess: On the other hand, I begin to see where we cut through the wall. The
need for water is to our advantage or we wouldn’t have a leg to stand on.
Ross Frazier: Yes. Like our need for good air and good food.
Dr. Riess: Yes. If it wasn’t for the absolute need, the worry of running out, they
wouldn’t spend billions to put sewage treatment in and everything, but that isn’t
Ross Frazier: The surface water that’s being used in certain parts of California
agricultural regions is collecting soluble elements at such a rate and also the
sprays that are being put out (are polluting the surface water).
Dr. Riess: It’s ruining agriculture.
Ross Frazier: The agricultural areas are being destroyed because of this poor
grade surface water.
Dr. Riess: A certain area there, I understand that the grapes went sour and they
got rid of them.
Ross Frazier: Yes and in another area they were letting the outflow from the
fields which they flooded to irrigate them flow into a marsh and all of the life in
the marsh was destroyed, so as you predicted, the surface water is not improving
but getting worse and worse as time goes on. But your water is getting better
and better because it doesn’t have . . .
Dr. Riess: We are washing it over and over and cycling it and every time it gets
Dr. Wayne Weber: One of the solutions that the Department of Water and
Power has to avoid some of the water shortages they want to bring in excess
water and store it in the wells off the San Fernando Valley. It seems to me that
you’re just going to be contaminating all that water that you’re going to be
putting into the wells.
Dr. Riess: Oh sure, the whole thing is silly, absolutely silly. We’ve either got to
stop the population from using it up completely or slow down agriculture.
Ross Frazier: The wells that you did for California City which are still hammering
away there at full blast which is almost over twenty years ago, those wells were
producing beautiful potable water.
Dr. Riess: They still are.
Ross Frazier: Before you drilled those wells in there they told you there was no
water available at all.
Dr. Riess: Well, not only that, they prevented the California City Company from
selling any land or doing any building for five years because of the lack of water.
Because they have no pipeline. You see they let them fool around with us for two
years with the city of Los Angeles the metropolitan water to get cut in on that line
coming down from Bishop. They played around and the lawyers had a good time I
suppose with meeting after meeting after meeting. Nothing happened. Then we
went and approached water resources and they said no that they wouldn’t bring
any water in from the Bakersfield area over there. They couldn’t afford it. There
was not enough demand or income from it.
Ross Frazier: It wasn’t economically feasible.
Dr. Riess: That’s right. Then I shopped that hole down. I drilled five or six wells
there and then I put a big one down where the government said the test wells to
them had proven it an impossibility and that was right out in the center there
where the lake is now and the golf course. Naturally, they admitted that.
Ross Frazier: How could you have made that lake without water? “Oh, it will
pump off. You’ve got a small pocket there?” So I argued with the b***stards up
in water resources to send me up there and I said you well know that locked in
water, closed in water, would immediately disintegrate by all the absorption and
destruction of all the mineral constituents. “Well, yeah, but there is a lot of it
there and you get that pretty quick.” So nothing happens there. Then after five
years they went and sued them in the court. They figured there had been too
much publicity on this so they dropped it and gave them a permit to start selling
lots, building homes and what have you.
Ross Frazier: They didn’t want to go into court and admit that they had been
wrong if you hadn’t pumped out your water in five years and still fifteen years
later you’re still pumping water.
Dr. Riess: That’s correct. We had water to waste. I had three wells under tap
going into the waterfall and the lake and another two for residential and house
use and whatever there was.
Ross Frazier: What quality was that water?
Dr. Riess: First class water and still is and had them baffled and has them baffled
yet because it’s against their religion.
Ross Frazier: Maybe they started baffled, do you think?
Dr. Riess: Well, they’re very naturally stupid, but this upset them more.
Ross Frazier: But it doesn’t upset you to think they’re wrong.
Dr. Riess: No. I knew they would be. It’s like you and I trying to convert one of
those fanatic Muslims that want to drive a truck with explosives in through a gate
Ross Frazier: There are none so blind as those that will not see. And you have
shown these people that in addition to the bumble bee which theoretically can’t
fly, Stephen Riess can find water where there is no water. But the water is there
and it’s flowing and Stephen Riess did find it.
Dr. Riess: Did I ever give you a report from Jerusalem?
Ross Frazier: No, I’ve never seen that report but you’ve told me about the wells.
You had a thousand gallons a minute in those wells. But you feel it was entirely a
political thing on the Jordan River that made them deny the fact . . .
Dr. Riess: Well, they had to.
Ross Frazier: Well, they felt they had to not tell the truth. But then it was too
Dr. Riess: They had to tell a half-story, not to tell the whole truth. They had to
tell the wells are bad and can’t be depended upon.
Ross Frazier: But it was too late because they had already publicized it all over
the country and it had gotten as far away as Saudi Arabia.
Dr. Riess: But several years later they admitted in the United Nation Meeting at
The Hague in Holland that the wells had gone to salt water, intrusion by the Red
Sea. Two years ago, a lawyer in Washington investigated and he saw that I had it
and he used to be a newspaperman in Washington and they told him the whole
Ross Frazier: Political influence can do terrible things to the truth and reality.
You’re continuing, although you independently found it, you’re continuing a
theory that was started by a Swedish scientist many, many years ago who was
also nominated for a Nobel Prize.
Dr. Riess: Yeah, but he died before that. He drilled seventeen holes on the offshore
islands where the light houses were off the coast of Sweden. And in that
country they had a big problem to keep the water from freezing in the winter
time. So he drilled those wells and he invariably hit water in the granite. Now
they were small little four-inch and six-inch holes, but he proved all of them in his
theory of the continuity in the tidal water, see? Well, what happened, the
Swedish scientist who was one of the highest ranking geologists in his day, his
father was the superintendent of the mines in Finland that were mining ore from
under the ocean beds and they were mining ore from under the ocean beds and
they had fresh water under the ocean in the land mine. See? So his father kept
arguing with him saying, “Now how can we get fresh water under the ocean
surface? Where does it come from?” And then Otto Nordenskjold, was his name,
he began to use his brain power and got to working it over.
Ross Frazier: He was dead before you developed your science.
Dr. Riess: He died in 1904.
Ross Frazier: So he died many years before you began.
Dr. Riess: I knew nothing then. I was born in 1898.
Ross Frazier: So the theory is still as good today as it was then because that
Dr. Riess: See what happened when we got finally done and negotiated the damn
thing and got to Salzman, the professor teaching at that time in Los Angeles,
wrote that book with me, he followed me for about two years and the wells I
drew all over, I didn’t know I had done that many, until lately checking..
Ross Frazier: Eight hundred and some odd wells over how many countries in the
world? Over fifty countries in the world?
Dr. Riess: Something like that. So he came to that information by having two
students from Norway at his class do the research for him. And one of them
came and said, “Oh, I read about one of our old time geologists, he was of that
same opinion and there is a book out on him.” He brought the book in and he
translated it. He was a North Pole geologist. Very famous for his North Pole
work. So, there you are.
For More Information Visit
This is a very important interview of the late Dr. Stephan Riess from 1985 about primary
water. For more information, please visit the www.primarywaterinstitute.org and
www.primarywaterworks.com. A free e-book about primary water called New Water
for a Thirsty World is also available at: www.scribd.com/doc/256836924/New-Waterfor-
a-Thirsty-World-by-Michael-H-Salzman. This book is considered to be the bible of
primary water. A fantastic illustration of primary water versus atmospheric water is
The Primary Water Institute:
New Water for a Thirsty World: